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Session 2

Listen to this audio where we are talking about ‘schadenfreude’ – a German word which is often used in English.
इंग्रजीत इतर भाषांतून अनेक शब्द आले आहेत. आजच्या भागात आपण बोलतोय ‘schadenfreude’ या जर्मन शब्दाबद्दल. चला जाणून घेऊ. 

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    Activity 1

Activity 1


इंग्रजी भाषेत कुठकुठल्या भाषांमधून शब्द आलेले आहेत?

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नमस्कार मित्रानो. तुम्हाला माहितीये, काही लोक असे असतात ज्यांना दुसऱ्यांच काही वाईट झाल तर त्यात आनंद वाटतो. अशा लोकांसाठी आपण विघ्नसंतोषी असा शब्द वापरतो. इंग्रजीत अशा लोकांसाठी जर्मन भाषेतून एक शब्द घेतलेला आहे ‘schadenfreude’. ज्याचा शब्दशः अर्थ होतो त्रासातून मिळालेला आनंद. हे आहे English together आणि मी तेजाली. इंग्रजी भाषा ही  प्रवाही भाषा आहे. इंग्रजीने जगभरातील अनेक भाषांतून शब्द स्वीकारले आहेत. आजच्या भागात आपण इंग्रजीच्या या पैलूवर प्रकाश टाकणार आहोत. जेम्स आणि टॉमचं संभाषण ऐका. ‘Schadenfreude’चा तुम्हाला तुम्हाला कधी अनुभव आलाय? लोक का असं वागत असतील? चला ऐकू

So Tom, do you often experience schadenfreude?

Schadenfreude? Now and again I suppose! Like when I was in a café last week, a man was listening to music really loudly without headphones, but then he spilt coffee all down his t-shirt!

*laugh* That is quite a faux pas!

A faux pas? Oh yes, there’s a French phrase for ‘mistake’, isn’t it! How about you – have you experienced pleasure in someone else’s misfortune?

Not very often, no. It’s only when people deserve it – like when the paparazzi, you know, journalists, are following a celebrity who wants to be left alone, and then the journalists are publically shamed for their bad behaviour.

Yes, that’s quite satisfying! But you made a really good point there – we experience schadenfreude more when we feel the person deserves their bad luck.

Most of the time, yes! I think it’s linked to a sense of social justice – we want to feel that people get punished for doing something wrong. Though of course, it’s not always the case.

Very true! For example, if someone gets a tattoo that has a spelling mistake, I do sometimes laugh – normally because it means something completely different to what they wanted.

Hmm, tattoo! That is a Polynesian word – it’s when someone gets something drawn on their body.

James and Tom यात त्यांनी अनेक शब्द होते जे इतर भाषांमधले आहे जसं की café, फ्रेंच आहे which is French, paparazzi, इटालियन आहे tattoo, पोलेनेशियन यावरून हे लक्षात येतं इंग्रजी भाषेत अनेक शब्द इतर भाषांमधून आले आहेत. schadenfreude सारखाच आणखी एक शब्द आहे  – guilty pleasures, म्हणजे असं काही की जे खर तर करण चुकीचं आहे पण आपल्याला त्यातून आनंद मिळतो. ‘guilty pleasures’. चला ऐकू.

So really, schadenfreude is a kind of guilty pleasure – when we enjoy something that we would be embarrassed to admit to.

That’s right – I think there’s a smorgasbord of different guilty pleasures!

A smorgasbord? That means a wide variety, right?

Indeed! It’s a Scandinavian word.
Most guilty pleasures are normally things you enjoy that break expectations – for example, adults who like children’s movies, or men who read romance novels.

Yes, they are good examples! I think my guilty pleasure is karaoke! You know, when you sing in a bar or in a restaurant.

Ah Kareoke. That’s a Japanese word.
Haha! That’s a good example – I wouldn’t expect you to enjoy karaoke! 

I am a karaoke aficionado! And Aficionado is a Spanish word for someone who is an expert at something. What about you – do you have any guilty pleasures?

Well, I love correcting people’s grammar – I know, I know, it’s a really annoying habit for everyone else, but I’m a bit of a grammar guru!

A guru? That has a similar meaning to aficionado, doesn’t it? Someone who is an expert.

That’s right – but guru  comes from Hindi. I quite like our guilty pleasure! Who wants to kowtow to what other people expect of you?!

Another great word from another language there – ‘kowtow’! Kowtow is a Chinese word that means to submit to something.

Well that’s all we have time for on this week’s English Together, where we have explored the global origins of some common English words. आज इथेच थांबू, पुन्हा भेटू पुढच्या भागात. bye.

Learn more! 

The Global Nature of English
The English language has developed over centuries to what it currently looks like today. The foundations of English include Latin, Greek, Germanic languages and old English, but it also borrows heavily from many others, even adopting words into the language.

This shows that English is an ever-developing language that is truly global.
Here are some examples from the episode…

1) Schadenfreude: ‘to take pleasure in someone else’s pleasure’ (German)
e.g. Tim experienced schadenfreude when he saw his enemy trip over in the steet.

2) Faux pas: ‘a mistake’ (French)
e.g. A)Sarah forgot to bring her shorts to the gym.
B) Oh dear! That’s quite a faux pas!

3) Café: ‘a place where people meet and drink coffee’ (French)
e.g. My best friend and I meet up at the café every week to catch up.

4) Paparazzi: ‘journalists, particularly those who follow celebrities’ (Italian)
e.g. Once the singer became famous, he found it difficult to avoid the paparazzi.

5) Tattoo: ‘art work that is drawn on the body’ (Polynesian)
e.g. Theresa regretted getting a tattoo of her boyfriend’s name after they had broken up – she would have it forever!

6) Smorgasbord: ‘a variety’ (Scandinavian)
e.g. There’s a smorgasbord of food at the supermarket – there’s so many choices.

7) Karaoke: ‘singing at a bar or pub’ (Japanese)
e.g. Karaoke is fun even if you’re not a very good singer.

8) Aficionado/Guru: ‘an expert’ (Spanish/Hindi)
e.g. Da Vinci was the greatest artist of his time – a true aficionado/guru.

9) Kowtow: ‘to submit to something’ (Chinese)
e.g. Peter was too proud to kowtow to everything his boss told him to do.


3 Questions

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Session Vocabulary

  • Schadenfreude


    faux pas
    ओशाळवाणं करणारी घटना

    प्रसिद्ध लोकांचे फोटो काढण्यासाठी त्यांचा पाठलाग करणारे पत्रकार

    टॅटू, गोंदवण

    सॅंडविचचा प्रकार


    एखाद्या विषयातीन ज्ञानी व्यक्ती