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Session 8

Listen to Roy and Sam talk about recycling and alternatives to plastic, while also using collocations that use the word ‘make’
રોય અને સેમને સાંભળો. બન્ને પ્લાસ્ટિક રિસાયક્લિંગ અને તેના વિકલ્પો વિશે ચર્ચા કરી રહ્યા છે. સાથે-સાથે અંગ્રેજી શબ્દ 'make' નાં 'collocation' એટલે કે શબ્દોનાં મિશ્રણ વિશે
પણ વાત કરી રહ્યા છે.

Sessions in this unit

Session 8 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Could Cactus replace Plastic?

ઑડિઓ સાંભળો. બન્ને પ્રેઝન્ટરો 'make' સાથેનાં કયા 'collocations' નો ઉપયોગ કરે છે?

તમારા જવાબો તપાસવા સાંભળો. પછી નીચે આપેલા ટ્રાન્સક્રિપ્ટ સાથે તુલના કરો.

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પ્રેઝન્ટર
હેલ્લો એન્ડ Welcome to English Together! હું છું રીશી. મિત્રો, આજે આપણે ચર્ચા કરીશું પ્લાસ્ટિકનાં વિકલ્પ વિશે. હાલમાં જ મેક્સીકોનાં એક શોધકર્તાએ જાહેરાત કરી છે કે કેક્ટસના રસમાંથી બાયોડિગ્રેડેબલ પ્લાસ્ટિક બનાવી શકાય છે. રોય અને સેમ આ વિશે ચર્ચા કરી રહ્યા છે. સાથે-સાથે બન્ને  ‘collocation’ વિશે વાત કરી રહ્યા છે. ‘Collocation’ એટલે બે અથવા વધુ શબ્દોથી બનતો શબ્દ. મિત્રો, ‘collocation’ ને જાણ્વું અગત્યનું છે કારણ કે બોલતી વખતે તે વધુ કુદરતી લાગે છે.

Roy
Did you know that you can’t recycle black plastic? I had no idea until a friend told me yesterday. It didn’t really make sense until my friend explained it.

Sam
It didn’t make sense? You mean, you couldn’t understand it? Well, you can recycle it, but many recycling machines can’t ‘see’ black plastic. This is because the machine uses light to make sure it’s plastic, but black absorbs light. It thinks that it can’t be recycled because of this. It’s sad that some other types of plastic can’t be recycled.

Roy
True!  A researcher in Mexico made a breakthrough recently. They made a discovery of how to turn cacti into plastic. It’s biodegradable, which means when it breaks down, it doesn’t hurt the planet. You can even eat it, but I don’t imagine it tastes great!

Sam
You can eat it?! You mean it’s edible?! That’s great if the cactus plastic ends up in the sea. If birds and fish eat it, it won’t hurt them.

Roy
There’s an alternative to plastic being used in some supermarkets in Thailand. They have started using banana leaves as packaging instead of plastic. Also, since 2015, shoppers have had to pay for plastic bags in supermarkets in the U.K. As a result, the number of plastic bags being used in the UK has dropped.

પ્રેઝન્ટર
મિત્રો, શું તમે નોંધ્યું? ચર્ચા દરમ્યાન રોય અને સેમ બેથી વધુ ‘collocation’ વિશે જણાવે છે, જે અંગ્રેજી શબ્દ ‘make’ સાથે છે. દાખલા તરીકે ‘make sure’ એટલે ખાતરી કરવી, ‘make a breakthrough’ એટલે મહત્ત્વની શોધ કરવી, ‘make changes’ એટલે ફેરફાર કરવો, ‘make a discovery’ એટલે શોધ કરવી અને ‘make sense’ એટલે સ્પષ્ટ અને સમજાય એવું. ‘Collocation’ તમારા શબ્દ ભંડોળને વધુ ઉન્નત બનાવે છે. અહીં નોંધવા જેવી બાબત એ છે કે બન્ને ‘collocation’ બનાવવા માટે ‘make’ પહેલાં વધુ એક શબ્દનો ઉપયોગ કરે છે. હવે ચર્ચા તરફ વળીએ.

Sam
It’s amazing that cacti can be turned into plastic, but there’s so many others ways plants and trees can be used. Wood, for example, is a good material for houses in countries that have a lot of earthquakes. It’s more resistant to earthquakes than concrete or metal.

Roy
Wood is also renewable, which means we can use it again. Plants can be used to make fuel for cars. This is an alternative to petrol. Brazil is one of the largest producers of biofuel in the world. It’s much better than petrol and makes progress towards a better world.

Sam
Plants can also be used to make products that protect other plants from insects. This is a natural way for farmers to protect their land. It’s not as dangerous as man-made chemicals and makes our lives better.

Roy
The most obvious things are the chairs and tables made of wood in our house, and so much of the food we eat.  Plants are an important source of vitamins, which the body needs. The body cannot make these vitamins on its own.

Sam
The clothes you wear could be made from plants, so they help to keep you warm. Things like t-shirts are made from cotton.

Roy 
There are so many uses for plants and trees. They even make your houses look nicer with flowers and all those lovely green leaves. They really make a difference to our lives.

પ્રેઝન્ટર
મિત્રો, હવે સમય થયો છે ચર્ચાને વિરામ આપવાનો. ચર્ચાના બીજા ભાગમાં તમે ‘make’ સાથેનાં બીજા ‘collocation’ સાંભળ્યા. દાખલાં તરીકે ‘make progress’ એટલે કે પ્રગતિ કરવી, ‘make something better’ એટલે કોઈ વસ્તુને વધુ સારું કરી નાંખવું અને ‘make a difference’ એટલે ફરક લાવવો. Join us again next week for more vocabulary lessons. Bye!

Learn more! 

Collocation with 'make'

When we want to talk naturally in English, we can use collocations to do this. There are many collocations with ‘make’ that will help your English to come more natural.  

1) Make sense

You can use a make sense to talk about something you can understand.

  • I couldn’t read the book. The plot was ridiculous and didn’t make sense.
  • My friend’s opinion made sense. He was right.

2) Make sure

You can use make sure to guarantee or check something.

  • My friend’s opinion made sense. He was right.

3) Make a breakthrough

You can use make a breakthrough to talk about progress, which is usually quick sudden.

  • The company made a breakthrough in the fight against the disease when they discovered a new medicine.
  • The country is hoping to make a breakthrough in the negotiations.

4) Make a discovery

You can use make a discovery to talk about a discovery.

  • He made a discovery that his friend likes Chocolate.
  • They made a discovery of how toturn cacti into plastic.

5) Make changes

This collocation is used to talk about a change.

  • We need more alternatives to plastic to make changes to help the environment.
  • My boss made changes to my work hours. Now I get longer with my son.

6) Make progress

This is the alternative to the verb progress.

  • Using wood really makes progress towards a better world.
  • I’ve made no progress in my course. I think I am going to fail. 

7) Make a difference

To change something.

  • Saving money really made a difference. Now I can go on holiday more.
  • Flowers really make a difference to our lives.

Could Cactus replace Plastic?

3 Questions

Choose the correct option.
નીચેના પ્રશ્નોનો સાચો જવાબ આપો.

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Session Vocabulary

  • make sense
    સ્પષ્ટ અને સમજાય એવું

    make sure
    ખાતરી કરવી

    make a breakthrough
    પ્રગતિ કરવી

    make a discovery
    શોધ કરવી

    make changes
    ફેરફાર કરવો

    make progress
    પ્રગતિ કરવી

    makes something better
    કોઈ વસ્તુને વધુ સારું કરી નાંખવું

    make a difference
    ફરક લાવવો