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Unit 1: English Together 2

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Session 3

In today’s episode we will be discussing the relationship between food, the individual and the community.

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Eat your leftovers!

In today’s episode we will be discussing the relationship between food, the individual and the community.


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नमस्कार मित्रांनो,Hi and welcome to English Together. असा शो, जिथे आपण चर्चा करतो निरनिराळे विषय आणि त्या संबंधित शब्दांची. मी तेजाली आणि आज माझ्या बरोबर आहे...   

Hi everybody, I’m Tom! Welcome to today’s episode of English Together.

Hi! I’m Phil.

Uh, Phil, are you going to eat the rest of that sandwich?

Uh, no, you can have it if you want!

Great! Thanks!

उरलेलं अन्न खाण्याबद्दल प्रत्येकाचे विचार वेगवेगळे असतात. पण आपले घरातले, आपले मित्र मैत्रिणी, त्याचं उरलेलं खायला आपल्याला तसं काही वाटत नाही. ‘Leftover’ म्हणजे उरलेलं. You know, in a lot of places it would be considered impolite to eat someone else’s leftover food! 

Why? There’s nothing wrong with eating leftovers.

Why don’t you just buy your own sandwich!

Because, Phil, there’s perfectly good food here that you’re just going to waste it!

बरोबर आहे तुझं. अन्न वाया घालवण्यापेक्षा, खाल्लेलं काय वाईट? संयुक्त राष्ट्र म्हणजे UNनेही याबद्दल एक निरीक्षण नोंदवलं आहे. माझा आजचा प्रश्न आहे याबद्दलच आहे. जगभरात एकूण अन्न उत्पादानापैकी किती अन्न वाया जातं? 10 टक्के, 20 टक्के की 30 टक्के? ऐकत राहा, याचं उत्तर तुम्हाला थोड्याच वेळात मिळेल. 

Wow! That’s a lot, whatever the answer!

Well, Phil, you were just about to throw away your leftover sandwich!

‘Throw away’ म्हणजे फेकून देणे. Why throw it away when Tom could eat it? आजची बातमी आहे BBC Radio Walesची. जेसन मोहम्मद एका अनोख्या मोबाईल अॅपबद्दल सांगत आहेत. उरलेलं अन्न इतरांना सहज उपलब्ध व्हावे म्हणून हे अॅप बनवलं आहे. चला ऐकूयात.

Now a new smartphone app has launched in Cardiff which basically allows you to share any spare food. You take a picture of your unwanted grub, you upload it to the app and people then can decide if they want it or not. But would you eat a stranger's leftovers? Our reporter Llinos Pritchard has been asking some of Radio Wales' listeners in Bangor.

Would you yourself be prepared to share your leftover food with your neighbour?

Yeah definitely, if you know your neighbour, and you know where it's coming from.

So, you see hil, yPou don’t need to throw away your leftovers!

Maybe. It seems a bit unhygienic to me, to eat somebody else’s leftovers.

‘Unhygienic’ म्हणजे आरोग्यास अपायकारक. But they said that with the app you can see where you food comes from.

Well, that doesn’t mean it’s hygienic! I don’t know how my neighbours cook, so how can I trust their hygiene?

Oh Phil! Don’t be so sensitive! My point is that food is a valuable resource that shouldn’t be wasted. I think we need to create a more sustainable way of eating.

Right! ‘Sustainable’ म्हणजे शाश्वत. आजकाल बऱ्याच ठिकाणी सोसायटीज मध्ये उरलेलं अन्न, कचरा यांचं कंपोस्ट खत बनवलं जातं, काही ठिकाणी उरलेलं अन्न गोळा करून प्राण्यांना घातलं जातं.

Well, I’m sure most people would agree that it’s unsustainable to produce more than we need. We do live in a throwaway society, though!

You know, I actually agree, Phil! And, a note for our listeners. The action, to throw away, can also be used as a describing word, and the describing word is pronounced ‘throwaway’. So the action is ‘to throw away’ and the describing word is ‘throwaway’. 

Thanks Tom. ‘Throwaway’ म्हणजे फेकून देणे. सहज विल्हेवाट लावता येणाऱ्या गोष्टींसंदर्भात हा शब्द वापरतात. Finding ways to recycle throwaway food can definitely help sustain our eating habits! Which is exactly what the app is trying to do, right?

Exactly! Having extra food is something we can capitalise on!

‘To capitalise’ म्हणजे फायदा करून घेणे. जास्तीत जास्त उपयोग करून घेणे. म्हणजे अन्न फेकून देण्याऐवजी आपण त्याचा योग्य उपयोग करू शकतो. आणि आजच्या प्रश्नाचं उत्तर आहे 30 टक्के. UNच्या निरीक्षणाप्रमाणे एकूण अन्नापैकी 30% अन्न वाया जातं.

Wow! Goodness! It’s so wasteful to squander a resource like that. That is so much food!

‘To squander’ म्हणजे वाया घालवणे. लग्नसोहळ्यांमध्ये लोक किती अन्न वाया घालवतात, आपण पाहतोच. It’s definitely annoying when people squander.

You know what else is annoying?


People pretending that they’re capitalising on extra food, when really, they are just too mean to buy their own sandwich!

Oh Phil! I already told you, it’s called sustainable eating! If you’re not going to eat the sandwich then I will eat it.

You’re unbelievable, Tom!

अरे देवा.. हे दोघं परत वाद घालायला लागले. तुम्हाला काय वाटतं आजच्या विषयाबद्दल? मोठ्या प्रमाणात उत्पादनामुळे अन्न स्वस्त होईल, पण त्याचा खरंच उपयोग होईल? की अतिउत्पादनामुळे जादा अन्नाच्या पुनर्वापराचे वेगळे मार्ग आपल्याला शोधावे लागतील? आज आपण आणखी काही शब्द शिकलो. ‘Commodity’ म्हणजे वस्तू, ‘squander’ म्हणजे वाया घालवणे आणि ‘leftover’ म्हणजे उरलेलं. या भागाबद्दल तुम्हाला काय वाटलं ते आमच्या फेसबुक ग्रुपवर आम्हाला नक्की सांगा, आज इतकंच पुन्हा भेटू English Togetherच्या पुढच्या भागात! Bye!  

Word Forms
Several words in the programme appear in different forms.

Leftovers is a plural noun which describes uneaten food.
Leftover is an adjective that can also describe uneaten food.

These words come from the expression left over, which describes material that has not been used after the completion of an activity.

You need to eat your leftovers! You will be hungry later!
Look at all those leftover vegetables on your plate!
There’s always a lot of food left over after Christmas dinner.

is a noun relating to conditions or practices that help us to create a clean and safe environment. The adjective is hygienic.

Let’s eat at the expensive restaurant – it probably has better hygiene!
I heard the cheap restaurant was unhygienic.
The expensive restaurant is the most hygienic choice.

‘Throwaway’ is an adjective which means ‘disposable’. It foten has negative connotations.

The two component words, throw and away can be used together as a separable phrasal verb.

He has a very throwaway attitude to relationships. He never takes them serious!
threw away my old television when it broke.
Why didn’t you revise for the test? You’ve thrown it all away!

Check what you’ve learned by selecting the correct answer for the question.
यातलं बरोबर उत्तर निवडा. बघू या तुम्हाला काय काय समजलंय.


Eat your leftovers!

4 Questions

Fill in the gap.
रिकाम्या जागा भरा.

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Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
English Together चे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयावर बोलणार आहोत.

Session Vocabulary

  • leftovers

    throw away
    फेकून देणे

    smartphone app
    मोबाईलमधलं अॅप

    आरोग्यास अपायकारक 


    to capitalise on
    जास्तीत जास्त फायदा करून घेणे 

    वाया घालवणे