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Unit 1: English Together 2

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Session 2

The Fourth Industrial Revolution
In today’s episode we will be discussing how technology continues to change the way we live our lives.

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Activity 1

The Fourth Industrial Revolution

The Fourth Industrial Revolution
In today’s episode we will be discussing how technology continues to change the way we live our lives.

चौथी औद्योगिक क्रांती
तंत्रज्ञानामुळे आपल्या आयुष्यात काय काय बदल घडत राहतात त्याबद्दल आजच्या भागात चर्चा करणार आहोत.


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नमस्कार मित्रांनो, Hello and welcome to English Togather! इथे आपण चर्चा करतो निरनिराळे विषय आणि त्यासंबंधी शब्दांबद्दल. मी तेजाली आणि माझ्यासोबत आहे...

Hi, I’m Sam.

And I’m Tom. Hello everybody! Welcome to today’s programme.

So I heard a new term on the news today: the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Either of you know what that is?

I think that it has something to do with the internet and other technological breakthroughs.

Yes, you’re right, Tom. ‘3D printing’ म्हणजे त्रिमिती छपाई, ‘self-driving cars’स्वयंचलित मोटारी AI’ artificial intelligence म्हणजे कृत्रिम बुद्धिमत्ता यासारख्या ‘technological breakthroughs’ बद्दलच आहे ते. Technological breakthroughs, म्हणजे तंत्रज्ञानातील नवे, महत्त्वाचे बदल. breakthrough  वेगवेगळ्या क्षेत्रात असू शकतात ‘a scientific breakthrough’, ‘a medical breakthrough’.

Oh, so it’s about technological breakthroughs that will change the way we live our lives, basically.

Yes! I vaguely remember learning about the first Industrial Revolution when I was at school…

yah, may be in 6th or 7th standered. And that’s actually what today’s quiz question is about. सतराव्या शतकात पहिल्या औद्योगिक क्रांतीमुळे यंत्रयुग सुरु झालं, उत्पादन हाताने करण्याऐवजी यंत्रावर होऊ लागलं, कारखाने सुरू झाले. पण हे कुठे सुरू झालं? अमेरिकेत, ग्रेट ब्रिटनमध्ये की फ्रान्समध्ये? याचं उत्तम मी तुम्हाला नंतर देते.

Interesting that the first Industrial Revolution started in one place, because it sounds like the Fourth Industrial Revolution is happening everywhere!

बीबीसी वर्ल्ड सर्व्हिसवर तंत्रज्ञानातील तज्ज्ञ चौथ्या औद्योगिक क्रांतीबद्दल काय म्हणतायत ऐकूया  

News Insert
A very important feature of, uhm, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is connectivity or connectedness, as you put it, eh. So anybody with a smartphone that basically allows them to be, uhm, online is really part of it. So we’ve seen recently, for example, what happens with social media, there’s lots of data around every interaction that you’re making on social media that’s being collected and is being used to create a profile on you...so, really, whether we know it or not, very many of us are participating quite actively in the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

Wow, so if anyone with a smartphone is part of the revolution, this really is a global phenomenon.

‘A global phenomenon’ म्हणजे जागतिक घटना. Anyone with a smartphone or anyone with an internet access! That is global phenomenon.

And a social media account! They’re all connected – I think one global phenomenon is helping the development of another.

It’s a little scary, though, isn’t it? There is one new wave of technological breakthroughs after another at the moment, but do we really know what consequences they’re having?

‘A new wave of something’ म्हणजे नवी लाट. नवीन चळवळ किंवा नव्या ट्रेंड्स बद्दल बोलताना हा वाक्प्रचार नेहमी वापरतात. Like social media , मध्यंतरी ते सारा नावाचं एक गुप्त सिक्रेट मेसेज पाठवणारं एक अॅप आलेलं. अशा गोष्टींना म्हणतात लाट. आठवतंय?

Yeah, I know what you mean, Sam. I think it takes a long time for consequences to become clear when there’s a new wave of technological products coming into the world. But, generally, I think the consequences are positive.

I don’t know! Five years ago, I didn’t have a smartphone. Now I can’t imagine life without it

Yeah, exactly! So these new products are shaping the way we live our lives, usually for the better!

‘To shape the way we do something’ म्हणजे एखादी गोष्टी करण्याची पद्धत बनवणे, घडवणे. उदा. ऑनलाईन बुकिंग. आजकाल आपलं आयुष्य आपण ऑनलाईन बुकिंगशिवाय आपण विचारच करू शकत नाही. And just like the first Industrial Revolution shaped the way we made products. Shall we give you the answer to the quiz? प्रश्न होता पहिली औद्योगिक क्रांती कधी झाली? पर्याय आठवतायत? मी सांगते परत ग्रेट ब्रिटन, अमेरिका की फ्रान्स? आणि उत्तर आहे ग्रेट ब्रिटन.

So, the summary of today’s programme is that technology is shaping the way we live our lives and we have no power to stop it.

But you do have some power, Sam, don’t you? Do you want to stop it? I mean, you could stop using your smartphone…and social media…and the internet…

Ah, no, thank you!

I guess we’re all part of the Fourth Industrial Revolution after all! काय वाटत याबद्दल तुम्हाला? ‘The new wave of technology breakthroughs’ चांगली आहे की वाईट ? काय वाटतं तुम्हाला?

आजचा भाग संपवण्याआधी चटकन आजचे शब्द बघू. आजचे शब्द क्रांतिकारी बदलांबद्दल होते. A technological breakthrough’ म्हणजे तंत्रज्ञानातील महत्त्वाचे बदल. ‘A global phenomenon’, म्हणजे जागतिक संकल्पना, ‘a new wave of something’ म्हणजे नवी लहर,  and ‘to shape the way we do something’ म्हणजे घडवणे, एखादी गोष्ट करण्याची पद्धत बनवणे. आज इतकंच, पुन्हा भेटूया  English Togetherच्या पुढच्या भागात.


‘Breakthrough’ describes something which helps to solve a long-standing problem. It is a noun. A breakthrough is often a new invention or a discovery.

The new drugs are a breakthrough in the fight against cancer.
The court case was making slow progress, until we had a breakthrough with some new evidence!

Similarly, we can use ‘break through’ as a phrasal verb. This is often used in the context of solving problems or overcoming difficulties. 

The other football team had a strong defence but we broke through in the end!

We use self- as a prefix to refer to something’s own characteristics and abilities. It is mostly used with nouns and adjectives.

Often, self- can imply that someone or something is capable of acting independently or without support.

I just bought a self-cleaning barbeque! My hands are going to stay clean!
The instructions are self-explanatory. You won’t need any help if you follow them.

new wave

‘new wave’ refers to a new group which is different to what has come before it. This could be people, things or ideas.

The new wave of mobile phones are amazing! They have so many new features!

We can also say ‘first wave’, ‘second wave’ and so on to refer to other groups that existed in the past.

The first wave of radios were very basic. Now, we have a new wave of digital radios!

Check what you’ve learned by selecting the correct answer for the question.


Check what you’ve learned by selecting the correct answer for the question.
यातलं बरोबर उत्तर निवडा. बघू या तुम्हाला काय काय समजलंय.


The Fourth Industrial Revolution

4 Questions

Put the words in the correct order.
शब्दांचा योग्य क्रम लावा.

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
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Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
English Together चे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयावर बोलणार आहोत.

Session Vocabulary

  • a (technological) breakthrough
    तंत्रज्ञानातील निर्णायक संशोधन

    a global phenomenon
    जागतिक घटना

    a new wave of (something)
    नवी लहर, नवे ट्रेंड

    to shape the way we do something
    to shape the way we do something घडवणे, एखादी गोष्ट विशिष्ट पद्धतीने करण्याची सवय लावणे.

    AI (artificial intelligence)
    कृत्रिम बुद्धिमत्ता.

    3D printing
    3D छपाई, त्रिमिती छपाई  

    a self-driving car
    a self-driving car स्वयंचलित गाडी.

    connectivity or connectedness
    संपर्क क्षमता, दळण वळण, संपर्कात राहणे.

    to create a profile
    व्यक्तीचे वर्णन करणारी माहिती तयार करणे