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Session 10

In today’s episode we are discussing the causes and effects of flooding around the world.
आजच्या भागात पुराची कारणं आणि त्याचे परिणाम याबद्दल आपण चर्चा करणार आहोत.

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    Activity 1

Activity 1


In today’s episode we are discussing the causes and effects of flooding around the world.
आजच्या भागात पुराची कारणं आणि त्याचे परिणाम याबद्दल आपण चर्चा करणार आहोत.

How many people around the world have been affected by floods in the last twenty years?

1) 50 million
2) 1 billion
3) 2 billion

Listen to discover the answer!


Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

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नमस्कार मित्रांनो!Hello and welcome to English Together, असा शो जिथे आपण चर्चा करतो निरनिराळे विषय आणि त्यासंबंधित शब्दांची. मी तेजाली आणि आज माझ्यासोबत आहे …

Hi everybody, I’m Tom and it’s pretty wet here in the UK at the moment, isn’t it, Sian?


It certainly is! Hello everybody! Today we’re going to be talking about floods and flooding. 

आजचा आपला विषय आहे पूर आणि पूरजन्य परिस्थिती. ‘Flooding’ म्हणजे पूर येणे किंवा भरून वाहणे. आणि आजचा प्रश्नही त्याच संदर्भात आहे. पुरामुळे जगभरात दरवर्षी साधनसंपत्तीचं खूप नुकसान होतं. अनेकांचे बळी जातात. जगभरात दरवर्षी किती लोकांना याचा फटका बसतो माहिती आहे? मी तुम्हाला तीन पर्याय देते,

1) 50 मिलियन
2) 1 बिलियन
3) 2 बिलियन
तुमचं उत्तर देण्याआधी बीबीसी रेडियो 4च्या Costing the Earthमधली ही क्लिप ऐकूया. युकेमध्ये पूर येण्यामागच्या दोन कारणांची चर्चा यात केली आहे.

Mark Gimmett is just one of the thousands of people who watched as their homes and belongings were ruined this summer by the worst floods in sixty years. The weather was, of course, the main cause, but 75% of our land is farmland and today Costing the Earth is asking if intensive farming is contributing to the problem and if farmers should be asked to change the way the farm to help avoid more floods.

So, the presenter mentioned how, mainly, the weather was responsible for floods but she also suggested that farming might have something to do with it, too.

I’m not sure, to be honest. People seem to blame farming for lots of things at the moment. It’s not the farmers’ fault that rivers are swollen, is it? 

'Swell' म्हणजे सूज, हे क्रियापद आहे. नदीचं पाणी वाढतं, river ‘swells’ with water.
याचं विशेषण 'swollen' म्हणजे सूजलेलं किंवा फुगवटा.   

Correct, it’s not a very positive adjective, generally. Why do you think she blames farming, anyway?

She spoke about the quality of land used in farming. There’s an idea that as soil becomes eroded, it becomes less able to hold water.

'Eroded' म्हणजे झीज, धूप. And, as soil erosion, occurs, it can loosen the land, too. Soil erosion म्हणजे जमिनीची धूप   

Exactly! So with more water and less stable land, is it any surprise that rivers burst their banks?

Good point! नदीच्या किनाऱ्याला a river ‘bank’ म्हणतात. ‘To burst’ म्हणजे फुटणे. जेव्हा नदीच्या पाण्याची पातळी एकदम वाढून दोन्ही किनाऱ्यांवर पाणी अचानक पसरतं तेव्हा म्हणतात, river has ‘burst its banks’.

Have any rivers near you ever burst their banks?

हो, मी खूप वेळा बघितलंय हे. अतिवृष्टीमुळे कोकणात बरेचदा नद्यांचं पाणी वाढतं, अशा वेळी ग्रामस्थांना धोक्याचा इशारा दिला जातो. It can be very dangerous when river banks burst. Do you have any protection from flooding in the UK?

Well, in London we do have a flood barrier to make sure we aren't swept away but it’s getting very old.

Ah! ‘To sweep away’, वाहून जाणे. पूरसंरक्षक कठडा किंवा पूरसंरक्षक यंत्रणा. तुमच्या गावात पूर आला तर काय काय खबरदारी घेतात?

Anyway, talking of flooding around the world, can you give us the answer to today’s quiz?


Certainly! According to Channel 4 News, the answer is c. गेल्या वीस वर्षांत जगभरात साधारण 2.3 अब्ज लोकांना पुराचा फटका बसला आहे.  

That’s more or less a quarter of the world’s population! Maybe flood barriers aren’t working well enough and we need some other preventative measures?

'Preventative measures' म्हणजे बचावात्मक उपाय. बरेचदा जेव्हा पुराचा इशारा दिला जातो तेव्हा नदीकाठच्या लोकांच स्थलांतर केलं जातं.

I know what measures I’m going to take to prevent my stuff getting damaged in floods.

What’s that Sian?

I’m going to buy a flat at the top of a very tall building. Perfect!

But if the soil around the building gets eroded, the building will be dangerous and it will be unstable…

Ah, oh yeah…

Never mind, you’ll have to find a new plan, Sian.

Better luck next time, Sian! आता आजच्या शब्दांची उजळणी करू एकदा. आपण 'flood' म्हणजे पुराच्या परिणामांबद्दल बोललो. ‘Swollen’म्हणजे सूज किंवा फुगवटा, अतिवृष्टीमुळे नदीचं पाणी वाढतं, यालाही 'swollen' म्हणतात. यासोबत आणखी शब्द होते ‘river banks’ म्हणजे नदीचा काठ, ‘soil erosion’ म्हणजे जमिनीची धूप, ‘burst म्हणजे फुटणे, उसळून बाहेर येणे. यासगळ्याची निष्पत्ती होते सर्व वाहून जाण्यात, म्हणजे ’swept away’. पण पुरापासून बचाव करण्यासाठी आपण किंवा शासन काय काय करू शकतो? कुठले ‘preventative measures’ आपण करू शकतो? यासाठी ‘flood barriers’ बऱ्याच ठिकाणी वापरतात. तुम्हाला याबद्दल काही माहिती आहे का? किंवा आणखी काही वेगळे उपाय? आमच्या फेसबुक गपवर आम्हाला सांगा. पुन्हा भेटू English together च्या पुढच्या भागात. Bye!!


[to be] swept away

To sweep away means to remove something quickly and completely. Floods often sweep  away land, property and other things. Often, when talking about floods, we want to emphasise the things the flood has damaged. We then use the passive, [to be] swept away.

Be careful when you go swimming! The sea can sweep you away, even if you are a strong swimmer!
Houses and bridges were swept away in the recent floods.


If something is swollen it is enlarged (larger than normal). The verb is to swell.We often use swollen as a negative adjective to describe something being larger than it should be. It is often used in the context of injuries.

My thumb was swollen for a week after I fell off my bike!

Football injuries are a common cause of swollen ankles.

is the process of slow or gradual destruction. Often, water can be a main cause of erosion. The verb is to erode and the adjective is eroded.

People in the towns are concerned that the old bridge has suffered from erosion and is no longer safe.

The castle walls were once very strong, but over time they have been eroded by the weather.


4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
योग्य शब्द निवडा.

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Join us for our next episode of English Together, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
English Together चे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयावर बोलणार आहोत.

Session Vocabulary

  • flooding
    भरून वाहणे, पूर

    flood barrier
    पूररोधक यंत्रणा

    फुगलेले, सुजलेले  

    soil erosion
    मातीची/ जमिनीची धूप

    to sweep away
    वाहून नेणे

    to burst
    फुटणे, उसळून बाहेर येणे

    preventative measures
    बचावात्मक उपाय