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Session 7

In today’s episode we will be discussing the threats facing animals in different countries.
આજે ચર્ચા કરીશું અલગ-અલગ દેશોના જાનવરો વિશે જેમનું અસ્તિત્વ જોખમમાં છે.

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    Activity 1

Activity 1


In today’s episode we will be discussing the threats facing animals in different countries.
આજે ચર્ચા કરીશું અલગ-અલગ દેશોના જાનવરો વિશે જેમનું અસ્તિત્વ જોખમમાં છે.


Approximately what percentage of turtle doves (an English bird) have disappeared in the last twenty years?
- 50%
- 75%
- 90%
Listen ahead to discover the answer!

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Show transcript Hide transcript

હેલ્લો એન્ડ વેલકમ. English Togetherમાં આપનું સ્વાગત છે...હું છું રીષી...અને આજે મારી સાથે છે...

Hi everybody! I’m Tom. Thanks for joining us again!

Hello, I’m Sam! Today’s episode is going to begin a little differently. I’m going to play you a clip from  a BBC Radio 4 documentary called Extinct!

Oh! Extinct એટલે લુપ્ત, right?

That’s right. We say ‘extinction’ to describe the process of becoming extinct. Listen to the clip, which animal does the presenter say is in danger of extinction (or of becoming extinct)?

We're on a river flowing through the countryside of Assam in North-East India. A fisherman casts his net from the bank into this tributary of the mighty Brahmaputra.

Yes, there are dolphins. Just where these two currents are, there are dolphins.

The Ganges river dolphin, foraging where two branches of the river meet. This used to be a common sight throughout the whole Brahmaputra and Ganges river systems, but its rarity these days is leading us to think that this species ultimate fate might be the same as its Chinese cousin, the Yangtze river dolphin, declared functionally extinct.

Wow Dolphins! મિત્રો, ડૉલ્ફિન એક દરિયાઈ જીવ છે. તે સુકરમત્સ્ય જેવું એક દરિયાઈ પ્રાણી છે. ડૉલ્ફિનને ગુજરાતીમાં શિશુમાર પણ કહેવાય છે.

So, which species of animal are under threat in your country?

‘Species’ ને ગુજરાતીમાં કહીશું પ્રાણીઓની પ્રજાતિ. ‘Under threat’ એટલે લુપ્ત થવાના આરે. ભારતમાં અને ખાસ કરીને ગુજરાતમાં, ગ્રેટ ઇન્ડિયન બસ્ટર્ડ લુપ્ત થવાના આરે છે. How about you?

Well, let’s turn this into today’s question. In Britain we have a beautiful bird called the turtle dove. What percentage of UK turtle doves have disappeared in the last 20 years?

a) 50 %
b) 75%
c) 90%

All of those numbers are huge! Who’s counting these birds?

Well, in this survey, it’s the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. But just because they’re counting them, it doesn’t mean they’re accountable.

Right! To be accountable એટલે કોઈ બાબત માટે જવાબદાર. There’s so much wildlife in our countries though! And, if nobody owns it, who has accountability for looking after it?

Maybe the government, maybe all of us, I’m not sure. I suppose we all need to help with conservation, really.

‘Conservation’ નો ગુજરાતીમાં અર્થ થાય છે સાચવણી કે સંરક્ષણ. ભારતમાં સંરક્ષણના કારણે વાઘ અને ગેંડાની વસ્તિમાં ખાસ્સો વધારો  થયો છે.

Unfortunately, in my opinion, with population growth continuing at the current rate, it’s only going to get more difficult for animals! They are already hunted, eaten and used for clothes!

That’s quite a pessimistic view, Tom.

‘Pessimistic’ એટલે નિરાશાવાદી. Animals are often treated badly but I think people are becoming more aware of environmental factors.

Yes, the study by the RSPB said that farming was one of the main causes for environmental destruction. The fact that they’re reporting on this, and that we’re talking about it now, shows that people are thinking seriously about these things!

Yes, surely that’s a cause for optimism. મિત્રો, ‘optimism’ ને ગુજરાતીમાં કહીશું આશાવાદી.

Well, I’m not convinced. Try telling that to the turtle dove. How many of them are left?!

Ah! Not many, unfortunately. Let’s give you the answer to today’s quiz. According to the survey, more than 90% of the British turtle dove population has disappeared since 1995.

Oh no! That’s so sad.

Hopefully our awareness has been raised enough to limit the rate of extinction, though.

There’s that optimism again Sam! I think it’s a disaster already, actually!

Fair enough, I don’t disagree with you on this occasion, actually.

હું તો ‘wildlife’ એટલે વન્ય પ્રાણીસૃષ્ટિ માટે ઘણો આશાવાદી છું કારણે કે ધરતી ઉપર જીવન એમના વગર શક્ય નથી. મિત્રો આજે આપણે વન્યજીવો ઉપર extinction ના ખતરા વિશે વાત કરી અને સાથે-સાથે ‘conservation’  અંગે પણ. 'Exctinction' એટલે લુપ્ત થવાના આરે અને 'conservation' એટલે સાચવણી કે સરંક્ષણ. Tom વન્યજીવના ભવિષ્ય માટે નિરાશાવાદી છે જ્યારે સેમ આશાવાદી. મિત્રો, નિરાશાવાદીને અંગ્રેજીમાં કહીશું 'pessimistic' અને આશાવાદીને કહીશું 'optimistic'. તમારા મતે શું વન્યજીવો લુપ્ત થવાના આરે છે? અમારા ફેસબુક ગ્રુપમાં જોડાવો અને ચર્ચામાં ભાગ લો. Thanks for joining us and see you next week for more English Together. Bye!


Check what you’ve learned by selecting the correct option for the question.
તમે કેટલું શીખ્યાં? જાણો, સવાલોનો જવાબ આપીને.

This word appears in several forms in the episode. Extinct is a word we use to describe a species (પ્રાણીઓની પ્રજાતિ) of animal which no longer exists. We often using the verb ‘become’ with extinct.
The process of becoming extinct is called extinction.

Polar bears are in danger of becoming extinct.

We use the passive voice to emphasise the person or thing that is affected by a change. It is often used in the context of extinction. We form the passive using (be) + past participle.

Rhinos are killed for their horns.
The dodo was hunted to extinction.

When someone has a positive attitude to something we can say that they are optimistic. The noun form is optimism.
Conversely, when someone has a negative way of thinking about things, we can say that they are pessimistic. The noun form is pessimism

The people are optimistic that the new government will be effective.
After the other team scored four goals, there was a sense of pessimism amongst the football fans.


4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
નીચેના સવાલોનો સાચો જવાબ આપો.

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
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Join us for our next episode of English Together, when we will discuss another topic to learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
આવાં જ બીજા રસપ્રદ ટૉપિક્ સાથે ફરીથી મળીશું ઇંગ્લિશ ટૂગેધરમાં, જ્યાં શીખશો સંવાદ માટે જરૂરી ભાષા.

Session Vocabulary

  • extinction
    નષ્ટ થવું


    સુકરમત્સ્ય જેવું એક દરિયાઈ પ્રાણી, શિશુમાર

    પ્રાણીઓની પ્રજાતિ

    under threat
    લુપ્ત થવાના આરે

    (to be) accountable
    કોઈ બાબત માટે જવાબદાર

    સાચવણી કે સંરક્ષણ