BBC HomeExplore the BBC
This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Find out more about page archiving.

15 October 2014
WW2 - People's War

BBC Homepage
BBC History
WW2 People's War Homepage Archive List Timeline About This Site

Contact Us

Surrender of the German Army initially to Field Marshall Montgomery and later to General Eisenhowericon for Recommended story

by peter_ricketts

Contributed by 
People in story: 
Flt Lt Albert Ricketts
Location of story: 
Lunerberg Heath, Germany
Background to story: 
Royal Air Force
Article ID: 
Contributed on: 
17 January 2005

This story was submitted to the People's War site by Peter Ricketts [son] on behalf of Albert Ricketts [the author] and has been added to the site with his permission. The author fully understands the site's terms and conditions.

The story describes the surrender of the German Army initially to Field Marshall Montgomery and later to General Eisenhower. This is an account by Fl. Lt Albert Ricketts and is an extract from his WW2 Memoirs. The passage describes the transfer of the German Surrender Team from Montgomery's HQ at Lunerberg Heath, Germany, to Eisenhower's HQ at Rheims, France. Fl. Lt Albert Ricketts was attached to Montgomery's HQ and flew various RAF and Army staff as directed.

The war had reached the point where the Germans could not hold out much longer and it came as no surprise when we learned that they had surrendered to Gen. Montgomery on 4 May. It transpired that one of our aircraft was detailed to fly into the unoccupied part of Germany with the instruction that if they were shot at they were to 'get the hell out of it'.

Obviously they succeeded because after they had surrendered to Monty, I was instructed to fly the Surrender Team of General Admiral Von Freideberg and Colonel Pollack to make the total surrender to General Eisenhower at Rheims which was his HQ.

On the 5th May I took off with the Germans on board together with 2 British officers Lt / Col James and Major Lawrence to fly to Rheims airfield. Unfortunately, as we got closer to Rheims the cloud base became lower and lower until eventually I was forced to fly above the cloud. As my radio was not performing I had no alternative but to return to our main base at Brussels. This meant that the German party together with their British escorts had to complete the journey by road. Whilst arrangements were being made to obtain a vehicle, it was deemed as not sensible to take the Germans into the Main Buildings.

We therefore, whilst waiting, resorted to walking with them up and down the tarmac outside. It was left to me to walk with the Admiral and he asked in broken English if the clouds were 'too deep'. With the weather as it was and the inability to mend the radio we were even prevented from following the party to Rheims and flying them back to their base. We were therefore denied seeing the euphoria of handing the Germans over to the Supreme Commander. Knowing how the Americans would have and indeed treated such an occasion it was not inconceivable that I would have featured in the cinema news of the day.

I flew back to my own base the following day. On the 7th May news came through that the final surrender had taken place. It was decided that the following day (the 8th) would be celebrated as VE Day and that everyone would stand down. That is everybody except me, who was detailed to fly to Canadian Army HQ to pick up Major General Templar who greeted me with the words 'we must be the only silly b…s working today'. I found myself warming to a person with his understanding.

On the evening we decided to have our own fireworks but the only thing we had was a Verey Pistol and some Verey cartridges. The cartridges were fired away from the back of the building which was in the opposite direction to the aircraft. Unfortunately the person using the pistol fired one cartridge straight up into the air and the wind carried the burning cartridge over onto one of our Auster Aircraft, setting it on fire so that it ended up completely wrecked. Somehow or other we managed to cover up this unfortunate accident.

© Copyright of content contributed to this Archive rests with the author. Find out how you can use this.

Forum Archive

This forum is now closed

These messages were added to this story by site members between June 2003 and January 2006. It is no longer possible to leave messages here. Find out more about the site contributors.

Message 1 - Verey Light Pistols in lieu of fireworks

Posted on: 20 December 2005 by Ron Goldstein

Hi Peter
Please pass back to your father my appreciation of his story.

In Italy, round about the same time, my unit also used the same means of demonstrating our delight at the end of hostilities.

If I may quote:

Notes from my Diaries

Wednesday 2nd. May 1945
Jerry threw his hand in Italy and Austria. Fired all our 2" mortars, phosphorous bombs and verey lights and had bonfires all over the shop.
Cease fire about 11 pm.
( At noon today the Germans signed an unconditional surrender at Caserta)

The full story can be seen on (A2039113) "The war ends in Italy, 2nd May 1945"

Best wishes


Archive List

This story has been placed in the following categories.

Royal Air Force Category
End of War 1945 Category
Germany Category
icon for Story with photoStory with photo

Most of the content on this site is created by our users, who are members of the public. The views expressed are theirs and unless specifically stated are not those of the BBC. The BBC is not responsible for the content of any external sites referenced. In the event that you consider anything on this page to be in breach of the site's House Rules, please click here. For any other comments, please Contact Us.

About the BBC | Help | Terms of Use | Privacy & Cookies Policy