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17 September 2014
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how to be a gardener - The complete online guide

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5 - Pruning
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PruningWhat is pruning?
Pruning is basically cutting off carefully selected parts of a plant to restrict its size, persuade it to grow in a particular shape, encourage more fruit, flowers or stems, or to remove dead or diseased material.
Pruning is always seen as one of those ‘deep mysteries’ of horticulture into which you are ‘initiated’ only when you become an ‘expert’.
Pruned stem

But pruning is neither difficult nor complicated, in fact a lot of it is applying common sense! You just have to follow a few guidelines and check in a book what kind of pruning the particular plant needs. The removal of dead, diseased, broken, crossing and crowded branches is often sufficient for many plants.
You simply can’t remember everything there is to know about gardening, so you should never be embarrassed to check any fact in a book. I do it all the time. Visit the Go further section to find a good range of books for beginner gardeners.
Watch clipWatch the programme clips on Pruning bush roses, hedges and deadheading.
5. Caring for your garden

 Stopping and deadheading
 Clipping and trimming
 Tools for pruning
 How to prune spring flowering shrubs
 How to prune bush roses
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Find out how to prune bush roses with our interactive step-by-step guide
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