Artificial Intelligence Test08:02am on 17 Jan 2018Not sure if Robot and Frank is really sci-fi as much as just psychology - in real scientific experiments, Japanese Universities have been developing robots for the elderly since the 1990s - https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/05/18/national/science-health/japans-nursing-facilities-using-humanoid-robots-improve-lives-safety-elderly/#.Wl77CnnLiJA - and are getting close to a working system, although how much psychological benefit there really is, is debatable. I think there may be some misunderstanding about replicants as well - they are not the androids of Philp K Dick's book. The preamble to Blade Runner 2049, consistent with the press kit from the first film, are "Replicants are bioengineered humans, designed by Tyrell Corporation for use off-world. Their enhanced strength made them ideal slave labour." Later, the character KD6-3.7 states, "I found the kid. He was set up like a standard Replicant, put on a service job." This dialogue suggest someone that is born and raised as a child with DNA almost identical to human except for 'enhanced' strength, whatever that means, can pass as a replicant if they are processed by Tyrell or Wallace Corporation. Obviously they have developed a technique for controlling the behaviour of replicants but there is nothing to suggest AI is involved and neither the phrase AI not android is used anywhere in either script. I think Ex Machina is the best film to date about AI from a science stand-point. It presents some genuinely disturbing questions in a nuanced way without having to spell anything out. Aesthetically, Kubrick and Spielberg's Artificial Intelligence did a great job of creating a complete new world where AI is the norm and playing both sides of the argument. Interstellar's TARS and CASE show an interesting way AI might develop and a positive counterpoint to the nightmarish HAL. Wall-E made us care about AI beings. Chappie had an interesting premise because the robot had to learn language and interaction from scratch but gradually got worse because of the plot and dialogue. Although I think it's a flawed film in the last third, the early parts of Blade Runner 2049 show a pretty complicated relationship between a person that doubts their humanity and a silver tongued computer that tries to use persuasion and flattery to avoid questions about what's 'real' and what's not. This feature of the film leads to one memorable scene with Marianette which I found quite disturbing (in a good way that made you think) and this seems to have been influenced by Villeneuve admiring what Spike Jonze did in Her. I also wondered if K's self doubt was influenced by Marvin the paranoid android, despite the fact he's not an android. It seems to be quite an old theme in films going back to the earliest sci-fi like Metropolis (1927) and Forbidden Planet (1956) and probably has more to do with defining human intelligence, or what might be crucially lacking in some cases. For instance, the importance language and of empathy or lateral thinking, possibly dreaming as a way to shield part of our unconscious mind from direct interaction with the world.