Countries and nationalities
Do you know how to talk about different countries and nationalities around the world in Irish? Learn some helpful words and phrases and test yourself on others you may already know!
Cárb as duit?
Is as ....... mé.
Is as Tuisceart Éireann mé.
Is as Éirinn mé.
Cén tír inar rugadh thú?
Rugadh i/sa ...... mé.
Rugadh in Éirinn mé.
Rugadh i dTuisceart Éireann mé.
Rugadh i Sasana mé.
Rugadh sa Fhrainc mé .
Rugadh sna Stáit Aontaithe Mheiriceá mé .
Where are you from?
I'm from ___.
I'm from Northern Ireland.
I'm from Ireland.
What country were you born in?
I was born in...
I was born in Ireland.
I was born in Northern Ireland.
I was born in England.
I was born in France.
I was born in the United States of America.
Turas timpeall na cruinne
Look at the photos and text below about countries and their capital cities in Europe. Do you recognise a few? Have you been to any?
Cá ndeachaigh tú ar laethanta saoire?
Chuaigh mé chun na Fraince ar mo laethanta saoire.
Chuaigh mé go Ceanada ar mo laethanta saoire.
Chuaigh mé go Londain ar mo laethanta saoire.
Where did you go on holiday?
I went to France on my holidays.
I went to Canada on my holidays.
I went to London on my holidays.
Chun na or go?
There are two ways of answering the question cá ndeachaigh tú ar laethanta saoire? It depends on whether an article or 'an' comes before the place.
If the country takes a 'an' before it use chun na ......
For example, chuaigh mé chun na Gréige ar mo laethanta saoire - I went to Greece on my holidays.
When the country has no ‘an’, use go ......
For example, chuaigh mé go Sasana ar mo laethanta saoire - I went to England on my holidays.
There are exceptions to this however - so always make sure to check a dictionary or with your teacher!
Counties and most cities always take ‘go’.
Chuaigh mé go Tír Eoghain - I went to Tyrone
Chuaigh mé go Nua Eabhrac - I went to New York
Cén náisiúntacht tú?
What nationality are you?
Look at the photos below and see how some people describe their extended family or friends who live or have been born in other countries. Can you pick up some of the words in Irish?