# What are square and cube numbers?

Square and cube numbers are special sequences of numbers that are linked to the property of the shape they are named after.

A

**square**number relates to the**area**of a square.A

**cube**number relates to the**volume**of a cube.

## Square numbers

The area of a square is calculated by length × length.

The area of a 1 unit by 1 unit square is 1 × 1 = 1

The area of a 4 unit by 4 unit square is 4 × 4 = 16

The first six square numbers are: 1 × 1 = 1

2 × 2 = 4

3 × 3 = 9

4 × 4 = 16

5 × 5 = 25

6 × 6 = 36

## Cube numbers

The volume of a cube is calculated by length × length × length.

The volume of a 1 unit by 1 unit by 1 unit cube is 1 × 1 × 1 = 1

The volume of a 4 unit by 4 unit by 4 unit cube is 4 × 4 × 4 = 64

The first six cube numbers are:

1 × 1 × 1 = 1

2 × 2 × 2 = 8

3 × 3 × 3 = 27

4 × 4 × 4 = 64

5 × 5 × 5 = 125

6 × 6 × 6 = 216

## Square and cube numbers quiz

Test your knowledge with this quick quiz.

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