What is adaptation?
Living things are adapted to their habitats. This means that they have special features that help them to survive.
An African elephant, for example, lives in a hot habitat and has very large ears that it flaps to keep cool.
A polar bear, on the other hand, lives in a cold habitat and has thick fur to keep warm.
It’s not just animals that are adapted to their environment, plants are too. A cactus is well adapted for survival in the desert. They have long roots to collect water from a large area and a stem that can store water for a long period of time.
The animals and plants in one habitat are suited to live there and may not be able to survive in other habitats. When a habitat changes, the animals and plants that live there are affected.