Using 'and' as a joining word

Learning focus

To use 'and' to add extra information to correctly punctuated sentences.

This lesson includes:

  • a short introduction to capital letters and full stops

  • a video explaining joining words

  • three activities


When we write a sentence we always use a capital letter at the start and punctuation at the end (usually a full stop).

For example: This is an example of how to use capital letters and full stops.

We also often use joining words when writing sentences. Joining words are also known as conjunctions.

Watch this short video to find out more about joining words.

Conjunctions are also known as joining words.

The word and is a joining word that can be used in different ways.

  • It can be used to add some more information.

For example: My monster likes ice-cream and ketchup.

  • The word and can also be used to join two different clauses together.

For example: My monster went upstairs and hid behind the toilet.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1: Marking sentences

Take a look at the sentences below and check whether they use capital letters and full stops correctly. Mark them by either saying the answer out loud or writing them down and marking them with a tick or a cross.

The first one has been done for you.

  • i think there should be capital letter at the start.
  • The dog loved running in the field.
  • you were meant to go over there
  • There are hundreds of rabbits in the field.
  • The cat ran really quickly

Activity 2: Let's write some instructions

Here is a story called Nelly the Monster Sitter. Listen carefully to hear what happens.

Actress Sarah Hadland reads 'Nelly the Monster Sitter'.

Imagine you are teaching someone how to be a Monster Sitter.

Write a list of equipment a Monster Sitter will need and then write some instructions outlining what they must do.

You'll need to:

  • Make sure your instructions are clear by numbering them.

  • Use capital letters at the start of each sentence and a full stop at the end.

  • Use the joining word and in your instructions.

For example: The monster is grumpy and very hungry.

  • If you feel confident, try using the joining words because, if and when too.

Activity 3

Imagine a new child joins your class.
What information will you tell them about yourself?

Write three sentences using the word and to join your ideas.

Top tip!

You could tell them about your hobbies, food that you like or dislike, and about who you live with.

For example:
I like to go swimming and I enjoy football too.

Where next?

In this lesson you have used capital letters and full stops in sentences that contain 'and' as a joining word.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you.

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