Using conjunctions to join ideas
To use the conjunctions 'and', 'because', 'if' and 'when' to join ideas.
This lesson includes:
one video about conjunctions
one video about using 'because'
Conjunctions join together two different, but related, parts of a sentence.
They can be words like: and, but, if, when, because
For example: I like swimming and she likes dancing.
Watch the short video below to see some more examples of conjunctions in action!
'Because' is a really useful conjunction. We can use it to explain how or why something is the case.
For example: I felt sick because I went on the roller coaster twice!
In the Teacher Talk below, Ms Williams explains more about how to use 'because'. Listen carefully and join in with the activities!
You can use because, if and when at the beginning or the middle of a sentence.
I was late because I missed the bus.
Because I missed the bus, I was late.
You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.
Activity 1: Let's join our ideas
See if you can identify all the conjunctions (joining words) in this short activity.
Activity 2: Discover the ocean
There are lots of different things you can see in the ocean.
Watch this short video then complete the activity below.
Complete the sentences using the list of conjunctions.
You should use each conjunction once.
You can say your answers out loud or write them down.
The first one has been done for you.
and, because, and, but, and, when
Some fish are big and some fish are small.
Seaweed looks like a plant ........... it's an algae.
Seaweed grows close to the surface ........... it uses the sun to make food.
Plankton is made up of tiny plants ........... animals.
Ocean habitats are large ........... wet.
........... whales need to breathe, they swim to the surface.
Activity 3: Writing some sentences using 'because', 'if' and 'when'
Write six sentences about the ocean using because, if or when. You might want to watch the video again to get some ideas.
Try and write two sentences for each conjunction.
Whales swim to the surface because they need to breathe.
Remember to use capital letters at the start of your sentences and punctuation at the end.