Mandarin: Parts of the body

As well as talking about yourself in terms of your name and age in Mandarin, it can be useful to be able to talk about body parts.

Different parts of the body in Mandarin

MandarinPinyinEnglish
listen tóu head 
listen 头发 tóu fà hair 
listen 眼睛 yǎn jīng eye 
listen 鼻子 bí zi nose 
listen 耳朵 ěr duo ear 
listen 嘴巴 zuǐ ba mouth 
listen 脖子 bó zi neck 
listen bèi back 
listen 肚子 dù zi stomach 
listen tuǐ leg 
listen jiǎo foot or feet 
listen shǒu hand 
listen 胳膊 gē bo arm 

Did you know?

Mandarin does not make any difference between singular and plural, ie you do not add an ‘s’ or change the word form as in ‘mouse’ and ‘mice’.

This means that ‘listen jiǎo’ means both ‘foot’ and ‘feet’.

Talking about parts of the body in Mandarin

You can combine these body parts with the Mandarin phrase listen 这是 Zhè shì (This is), for example:

listen 这是我的鼻子 Zhè shì wǒ de bí zi - This is my nose

More useful, though, would be to add the Mandarin word 'listen téng' (hurt).

For example:

  • listen 我头疼 Wǒ tóu téng - My head hurts

  • listen 我肚子疼 Wǒ dù zi téng - My stomach hurts

  • listen 我眼睛疼 Wǒ yǎn jīng téng - My eyes hurt

Describing parts of the body in Mandarin

When describing parts of the body in Mandarin, you need to know some common adjectives.

MandarinPinyinEnglish
listen  big 
listen xiǎo small 
listen cháng long 
listen duǎn short (not long) 
listen gāo tall 
listen ǎi short (not tall)
listen shòu slim 
listen pàng fat 

So, to say ‘My hair is long’ in Mandarin, you would say:

listen 我的头发长 Wǒ de tóu fa cháng - My hair is long

You could also use the word listen hěn (very) in Mandarin before the body part for emphasis.

Hair and eye colour in Mandarin

Some examples for using colours to describe your eyes and hair in Mandarin include:

  • listen 我的眼睛是蓝色的 Wǒ de yǎn jīng shì lán sè de - My eyes are blue

  • listen 我的头发是红色的 Wǒ de tóu fa shì hóng sè de - My hair is red

To learn more about the specifics of colours in Mandarin, click here.

Dash and Blink: Missing Mandarin
Regenerators: Green Classroom!