Talking about your room in French

‎ Describing what is in your bedroom

To ask someone what is in their bedroom, use the following question:‎

  • Qu’est-ce qu’il y a dans ta chambre? - What is in your bedroom?‎

To reply and describe your bedroom, use either il y a (there is/there are) or j’ai (I have), ‎followed by the item. To say what you don’t have use il n’y a pas de (there isn’t a/ there ‎aren’t any) or je n’ai pas de (I don’t have a).‎

  • Dans ma chambre, il y a un lit - In my bedroom, there is a bed.‎
  • J’ai une armoire et une commode - I have a wardrobe and a chest of drawers.‎
  • Il n’y a pas de bureau - There isn’t a desk.‎
  • Je n’ai pas de table de nuit - I don’t have a bedside table.‎

Here are some useful words to describe what you might have in your bedroom:‎

  • listen un lit - a bed
  • listen des lits superposés - bunk beds
  • listen un coussin - a cushion
  • listen un bureau - a desk
  • listen un ordinateur - a computer
  • listen un livre - a book
  • listen un placard - a cupboard
  • listen un tapis - a carpet
  • listen un mur - a wall
  • listen une bibliothèque - a bookcase
  • listen une armoire - a wardrobe
  • listen une commode - a chest of drawers
  • listen une table de nuit - a bedside table
  • listen une chaise - a chair
  • listen une lampe - a lamp
  • listen des rideaux - curtains

Using adjectives to describe your room - colours

You can add more information about your bedroom furniture by including colours. ‎

The colour must go after the furniture items, as colours are adjectives. The ‎colours must also agree with the nouns, and many change when they are feminine or ‎plural. The exceptions are: marron (brown) and orange (orange) which do NOT change. ‎

  • J’ai un lit bleu - I have a blue bed.‎
  • Dans ma chambre, il y a une armoire blanche - In my bedroom, there is a white ‎wardrobe.‎
  • Les rideaux sont verts - The curtains are green.‎

Here are some colours you could use to describe your bedroom:‎

EnglishMasculine singularMasculine pluralFeminine singularFeminine plural
blacknoirnoirsnoirenoires
whiteblancblancsblancheblanches
bluebleubleusbleuebleues
greenvertvertsvertevertes
redrougerougesrougerouges
yellowjaunejaunesjaunejaunes
purplevioletvioletsvioletteviolettes
greygrisgrisgrisegrises
brownmarronmarronmarronmarron
orangeorangeorangeorangeorange

Other adjectives to describe your room

You can use a variety of adjectives to describe your bedroom. As chambre (bedroom) is a ‎feminine word, the adjectives must agree with the noun, even when they are not right ‎next to the noun:‎

  • Ma chambre est assez petite et confortable - My bedroom is quite small and ‎comfortable.‎

To use the word ‘it’ to talk about your bedroom, say elle, because chambre is a feminine ‎word:‎

  • J’aime ma chambre parce qu’elle est grande - I like my room because it is big.‎
  • Je n’aime pas ranger ma chambre. Elle est toujours en désordre - I don’t like ‎tidying my room. It is always messy.‎

Here are some useful words and phrases you could use to describe your bedroom:‎

  • listen grande - big
  • listen petite - small
  • listen confortable - comfortable
  • listen douillette - cosy
  • listen bien rangée - tidy
  • listen en désordre - messy
  • listen calme - quiet
  • listen bruyante - noisy
  • listen J’ai ma propre chambre - I have my own bedroom
  • listen Je partage ma chambre - I share my room
  • listen Je range ma chambre - I tidy my room

Using prepositions to describe where things are in your room

A preposition of place describes where something is in relation to something else.‎ Here are some useful prepositions of place you can use to describe where things are in ‎your room: ‎

FrenchEnglish
dansin
suron
entre ... et‎between ... and
devantin front of
à côté denext to
sousunder
derrièrebehind
en face deopposite

For example:‎

  • Le lit est à côté de la table de nuit - The bed is next to the bedside table.‎
  • Il y a un bureau sous la fenêtre et il y a une lampe sur le bureau - There is a desk ‎under the window and there is a lamp on the desk.‎
  • J’ai beaucoup de livres dans ma bibliothèque - I have lots of books in my ‎bookcase.‎
  • La commode est entre l’armoire et la porte - The chest of drawers is between the ‎wardrobe and the door.‎
  • Je n’ai pas de posters sur les murs - I don’t have any posters on the walls.‎

Quiz

Watch the video and find out how much you know about describing your room in French with this short quiz.

Where next?

Discover more from around Bitesize.

Game - FestiLingo: French
game
How to use the verb 'to have' in French
Talking about food in French
More from KS3 French