Culture: Exploring Chinese New Year
Huilai, China on Chinese New Year
Angela is a 12-year-old girl from China.
She visits her grandmother in Huilai, China for Chinese New Year celebrations.
Why is Chinese New Year celebrated?
Chinese New Year is commonly referred to as the Spring Festival (
It is one of the four most important traditional festivals in China and celebrates the beginning of a new year in the Chinese lunar calendar.
When is the Chinese New Year?
The traditional Chinese calendar, also called the Chinese lunar calendar (
Chinese New Year falls on the first day of the new lunar year and, as such, the date changes each year.
It begins on the new moon that appears between late January and February.
The New Year celebrations last fifteen days, ending with the Chinese Lantern Festival.
During this time, you can say these greetings in Mandarin:
新年快乐！Xīn nián kuài lè! - Happy New Year! 春节快乐！Chūn jiē kuài lè! - Happy Spring Festival!
How do Chinese people celebrate Chinese New Year?
Red envelopes (
Cleaning is another tradition of the Chinese New Year.
This is because, in Mandarin, ‘dust’ (
Paper cutting (
People put them on their windows during Chinese New Year as a way to welcome Spring.
Why not try and make your own paper cuts?
The Spring Festival is a time for family (
As a large part of the Chinese population returns home to reunite with their family, China faces one of the largest movement of humans on Earth.
What do Chinese people eat for the Chinese New Year?
Food plays a big part of the Chinese New Year celebrations.
Different foods represent different things in China:
鱼yú) - surplus (extra or remaining) and fortune
Chinese dumplings (
饺子jiǎo zi) - wealth
Glutinous rice balls (
汤圆tāng yuán) - family reunion