Personal and prepositional pronouns

What is a pronoun?

A pronoun is a word that is used to take the place of nouns in a sentence. Some personal pronouns in English include I, me, you, he, she, we or they.

Here are a list of pronouns used in Irish.

you (singular)
/ éhe, him, it
/ íshe, her, it
sinn / muidwe, us
sibhyou (plural)
siad / iadthey, them

There are also certain forms of these pronouns called emphatic forms.

These are used when you want to place emphasis on the personal pronoun. The most common way you'll come across these are mise (me, myself) and tusa (you, yourself).

Is mise Antaine agus is mise an duine is sine sa rang. - I'm Antaine and I'm the oldest in the class.

Prepositional pronouns

As a reminder, prepositions are words in a language which tell you more about where something is - for example, under, with, or on in English.

Learn more about the prepositions in Irish in this guide.

In Irish, when a preposition and a pronoun come together, they are combined into what is called a prepositional pronoun. For example - le means with, and means me. In English this would go together as with me - but in Irish le mé becomes liom.

Below are all the prepositional pronouns and their different forms you should learn.

It can be difficult to remember all the different prepositional pronouns - but just be patient with yourself and test yourself often!

"Cleachtadh a dhéanann maistreacht..." - practice makes perfect!

ag - at

agamat me
agatat you (singular)
aigeat him
aiciat her
againnat us
agaibhat you (plural)
acuat them

ar - on

ormon me
orton you (singular)
airon him
uirthion her
orainnon us
oraibhon you (plural)
orthuon them

le - with

liomwith me
leatwith you (singular)
leiswith him
léiwith her
linnwith us
libhwith you (plural)
leowith them

as - out of, from

asamfrom me
asatfrom you (singular)
asfrom him
aistifrom her
asainnfrom us
asaibhfrom you (plural)
astufrom them

chuig - to

chugamto me
chugatto you (singular)
chuigeto him
chuicito her
chugainnto us
chugaibhto you (plural)
chucuto them

do - for

domfor me
duitfor you (singular)
for him
difor her
dúinnfor us
daoibhfor you (plural)
dóibhfor them

faoi - under

fúmunder me
fútunder you (singular)
faoiunder him
fúithíunder her
fúinnunder us
fúibhunder you (plural)
fúthuunder them

de - of

díomof me
díotof you (singular)
deof him
diof her
dínnof us
díbhof you (plural)
díobhof them

i - in

ionamin me
ionatin you (singular)
annin him
intiin her
ionainnin us
ionaibhin you (plural)
iontuin them

idir - between

eadrainnbetween us
eadraibhbetween you (plural)
eatarthubetween them

ó - from

uaimfrom me
uaitfrom you (singular)
uaidhfrom him
uaithifrom her
uainnfrom us
uaibhfrom you (plural)
uathufrom them

roimh - before

romhambefore me
romhatbefore you (singular)
roimhebefore him
roimpibefore her
romhainnbefore us
romhaibhbefore you (plural)
rompubefore them

thar - over, past

tharamover me
tharatover you (singular)
thairisover him
thairstiover her
tharainnover us
tharaibhover you (plural)
tharstuover them
Tá úlla acu - They have apples

trí - through, by

tríomthrough me
tríotthrough you (singular)
trídthrough him
tríthithrough her
trínnthrough us
tríbhthrough you (plural)
tríothuthrough them