House and furniture

House vocabulary

‎ Describing what is in your bedroom

To ask someone what is in their bedroom, use the following question:‎

  • Qu’est-ce qu’il y a dans ta chambre? - What is in your bedroom?‎

To reply and describe your bedroom, use either il y a (there is/there are) or j’ai (I have), ‎followed by the item. To say what you don’t have use il n’y a pas de (there isn’t a/ there ‎aren’t any) or je n’ai pas de (I don’t have a).‎

  • Dans ma chambre, il y a un lit - In my bedroom, there is a bed.‎
  • J’ai une armoire et une commode - I have a wardrobe and a chest of drawers.‎

Here are some useful words to describe what you might have in your bedroom:‎

  • un lit - bed
  • des lits superposés - bunk beds
  • un coussin - cushion
  • un bureau - desk
  • un ordinateur - computer
  • un livre - book
  • un placard - cupboard
  • une moquette - carpet
  • un mur - wall
  • une bibliothèque - bookcase
  • une armoire - wardrobe
  • une commode - chest of drawers
  • une table de nuit - bedside table
  • une chaise - chair
  • une lampe - lamp
  • des rideaux - curtains
  • un tapis - rug

Using adjectives to describe your room - colours

You can add more information about your bedroom furniture by including colours. ‎

The colour must go after the furniture items, as colours are adjectives. The ‎colours must also agree with the nouns, and many change when they are feminine or ‎plural. The exceptions are: marron (brown) and orange (orange) which do NOT change. ‎

  • J’ai un lit bleu - I have a blue bed.‎
  • Dans ma chambre, il y a une armoire blanche - In my bedroom, there is a white ‎wardrobe.‎
  • Les rideaux sont verts - The curtains are green.‎

Here are some colours you could use to describe your bedroom:‎

Colours - vocabulary list
document

Other adjectives to describe your room

You can use a variety of adjectives to describe your bedroom. As chambre (bedroom) is a ‎feminine word, the adjectives must agree with the noun, even when they are not right ‎next to the noun:‎

  • Ma chambre est assez petite et confortable - My bedroom is quite small and ‎comfortable.‎

To use the word ‘it’ to talk about your bedroom, say elle, because chambre is a feminine ‎word:‎

  • J’aime ma chambre parce qu’elle est grande - I like my room because it is big.‎
  • Je n’aime pas ranger ma chambre. Elle est toujours en désordre - I don’t like ‎tidying my room. It is always messy.‎

Here are some useful words and phrases you could use to describe your bedroom:‎

  • grande - big
  • petite - small
  • confortable - comfortable
  • douillette - cosy
  • bien rangée - tidy
  • en désordre - messy
  • calme - quiet
  • bruyante - noisy
  • j’ai ma propre chambre - I have my own bedroom
  • je partage ma chambre - I share my room
  • je range ma chambre - I tidy my room

Using prepositions to describe where things are in your room

A preposition of place describes where something is in relation to something else.‎ Here are some useful prepositions of place you can use to describe where things are in ‎your room: ‎

FrenchEnglish
dansin
suron
entre ... et‎between ... and
devantin front of
à côté denext to
sousunder
derrièrebehind
en face deopposite

Prepositions with de often need to be followed with a definite article:

  • With masculine singular nouns, de + le becomes du.

  • With plural nouns, de + les becomes des.

  • Before a vowel or silent h, de becomes d’.

For example:

La table est à côté du lit – The table is next to the bed

L’armoire est à droite de la lampe – The wardrobe is to the right of the lamp

Quiz

Watch the video and find out how much you know about describing your room in French with this short quiz.