What remains of Ancient Egypt?

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How do we know about Ancient Egypt?

We know about Ancient Egypt from tombs and statues such as the pyramids, the Great Sphinx and mummies.

Studying these items is called Egyptology and the people who study them are called Egyptologists. An Egyptologist is an archaeologist who specialises in Ancient Egypt.

Watch: What remains of Ancient Egypt?

Take a tour around some ancient Egyptian ruins

A photo of six pyramids. There are three small pyramids in the foreground and three big pyramids behind them. The tallest pyramid is in the middle at the back.

The largest Egyptian pyramid ever built was Pharaoh Khufu’s Great Pyramid of Giza. It is the tallest pyramid that you can see in this picture. It is made from over two million stone blocks.

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The Rosetta Stone

The Trustees of the British Museum
This is the Rosetta Stone. It is made from granite and it has three sets of inscriptions carved into it: Demotic, Hieroglyphs and ancient Greek. The broken top and bottom edges suggest it was part of a much bigger piece of stone.

The Rosetta Stone is over three feet high and more than 2000 years old. It was discovered by the French army in 1799 and captured by the British Army and brought back to London where it has been on display at the British Museum since 1802.

The Stone helped scholars to translate the Egyptian hieroglyphs for the first time. They looked at the inscriptions (writing) on the stone which are in Ancient Greek, already a known language.

Artefacts in the UK

In the UK we have some of the biggest collections of ancient Egyptian artefacts in the world.

The British Museum in London has the largest collection of Egyptian objects outside Egypt. This is because British explorers and soldiers took them during the time of the British Empire in the 19th and 20th centuries.


Activity 1: Where can you see Ancient Egyptian artefacts today?

Click on the map to find an exhibition near you.

Activity 2: Quiz – Remains of Ancient Egypt