What did the ancient Egyptians believe in?

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The gods

The ancient Egyptians had many gods. Gods created the universe and maintained order, but they were also involved in everyday life.

Egyptians believed that a long time ago, only chaos existed. Out of chaos a hill emerged (called the Benben). The first god, Atum, was sitting on the hill.

Atum, realising he was alone, created two children called Shu and Tefnut. His children left to create the world. Shu and Tefnut were away for a long time so Atum sent his eye to look for them.

Shu and Tefnut returned with Atum's eye and he was so grateful the eye started crying. The tears dropped to the earth on the hill and from them the first humans were created!

Learn more about the gods

Thoth was often depicted with the head of a baboon or an ibisManchester Museum, University of Manchester


Thoth was often depicted with the head of a baboon or an ibis (a wading bird with long legs and a long beak). He was the scribe for the other gods and the ancient Egyptians believed that he invented hieroglyphs.

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Can you name the gods below?

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