Key facts about Islam

Islam is the name of the religion, and its followers are known as Muslims.

Muslims believe there is one true God, called Allah (the Arabic word for God). In Arabic the word Islam means 'submission to the will of God'. Muslims believe that Islam was revealed over 1,400 years ago, through a man called Prophet Muhammad.

Today there are around 1.9 billion Muslims around the world, with over 3 million Muslims living in the UK.

Five key facts

Watch to find out how Haseeb lives his life according to Islamic teachings, including how he worships and what he eats.

What do Muslims believe and how do they worship?

Click the image below to discover more about Islam.

Religious symbol

The symbol of the star and crescent moon is used in the flags of many Islamic countries, including Turkey, Tunisia, Pakistan and Algeria.


When Prophet Muhammed died, there was a disagreement about who should lead the religion. This disagreement led to the split of Islam into Sunni and Shia Muslims.

Although there are some important differences between Sunni and Shia Muslims, both branches agree that there is only one God (Allah), that Prophet Muhammad was the messenger of Allah, and on the importance of the Prophets.

The majority of Muslims in the world are Sunni, and follow The Six Articles of Faith (a set of six important religious beliefs). Shia is the second largest branch of Islam. Shia Muslims follow beliefs known as the Five Roots of Usul ad-Din.

Shia women praying at the Grand Mosalla mosque of Tehran, Iran, on the eve of the Muslim festival of Eid al-Adha.

The Five Pillars of Islam

The Five Pillars of Islam are an important part of Muslim life. The Five Pillars are five things that all Muslims must do so that they can live a good and responsible life. For Sunni Muslims, the Five Pillars are the core duties of Islam. Shia Muslims follow the Five Pillars plus five additional duties, and together these are called the Ten Obligatory Acts. Click on the image below to learn more about The Five Pillars.

Inside a mosque

Click the picture below to explore the inside of an Islamic mosque.

Where next?

Key facts about Judaism
Key facts about Buddhism
Key facts about Christianity