Describing your room in Spanish using 'hay', 'no hay' and adjectives

Describe what is in your room

To discuss what is in someone’s bedroom, you can ask:

  • ¿Qué hay en tu habitación? - What is there in your bedroom?

You can answer by saying en mi habitación hay... (in my bedroom there is...).

For example:

  • En mi habitación hay una mesa, una cama y un armario - In my bedroom there is a table, a bed and a wardrobe.

  • En mi habitación hay una lámpara y una cómoda para mi ropa - In my room there is a lamp and a chest of drawers for my clothes.

Remember, you don’t use the indefinite article (un/una) with no hay… (there is no…).

For example:

  • En mi habitación no hay televisión - In my bedroom there is no television.

Use the table below to say what there is and is not in your bedroom.

SpanishEnglish
en mi habitación hay...in my bedroom there is/are...
en mi habitación no hay...in my bedroom there is/are no...
una camaa bed
un armarioa wardrobe
una cómodaa chest of drawers
un escritorioa desk
una lámparaa lamp
una televisióna television
un ordenadora computer
una alfombraa rug
unas estanterías(some) shelves
una literabunk beds
una puertaa door
una sillaa chair
unos pósters (some) posters

Have a go at this activity to see how much you know about describing your room in Spanish!

Describing your room in more detail

If you want to add more detail or give extra information when you are talking about your room you can use different adjectives to describe it.

Adjectives are words which describe people, places or things.

A noun is a person, place or thing.

In Spanish, adjectives go after nouns and they must agree with the word they are describing.

Have a look at these examples:

  • Mi habitación es pequeña pero cómoda - My bedroom is small but comfortable.

  • Mi madre piensa que mi habitación es desordenada - My mum thinks that my bedroom is messy.

  • En mi habitación hay una cama pequeña y una mesa desordenada - In my room there is a big bed and a messy table.

Some adjectives do not need to change as they are the same in both the masculine and feminine form, such as relajante.

For example:

  • Tengo una cama grande y un armario verde - I have a big bed and a green wardrobe.

If you share your bedroom, you can use the verb compartir.

For example:

  • Comparto mi habitación con mi hermano - I share my room with my brother.
Comparto mi habitación con mi hermano

Use the adjectives in the table below to describe your bedroom or items in your bedroom. What different objects can you describe?

EnglishMasculineFeminine
smallpequeño pequeña
biggrandegrande
tidyordenadoordenada
messydesordenadodesordenada
comfortablecómodocómoda
relaxingrelajanterelajante
blueazulazul
redrojoroja
whiteblancoblanca
yellowamarilloamarilla
greygrisgris
blueazulazul

Saying where things are in your room

To say where items are located use prepositions.

For example:

  • La cama está al lado de la puerta - The bed is next to the door.

Prepositions are words and phrases like ‘under’ and ‘next to’. They tell you where something is.

Many prepositions need to be followed by de which will need to be contracted to del if followed by el.

For example:

  • La mesa está a la derecha del armario - The table is to the right of the wardrobe.

  • La lámpara está a la izquierda de la cama - The lamp is to the left of the bed.

Entre is one preposition that does not need to be followed by de.

For example:

  • La mesa está entre las estanterías y la puerta - The table is between the shelves and the door.

Remember that when talking about where something is located, you use the word está (is), from the verb 'estar' (to be) to describe where it is.

For example:

  • La cama está al lado de la puerta - The bed is next to the door.

  • La televisión está a la izquierda del armario - The television is to the left of the wardrobe.

Can you use the prepositions in the table to describe different objects in your bedroom?

SpanishEnglish
al lado denext to
encima deon top of
debajo deunder
a la izquierda deto the left of
a la derecha deto the right of
delante dein front of
detrás debehind
enfrente deopposite
entrebetween

Quiz

Watch the video and test your understanding of describing your room in Spanish in this short quiz!

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