How to memorise tricky spellings

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Fun fact!

The longest word in any major English dictionary is 45 letters long! The word is pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis and it is the name of a medical condition caused by breathing in particles of volcanic dust.

If you look closely you can spot several different words hiding in this colossal word. See how many words you can spot.

Introduction to memorising tricky spellings

Over the last one thousand years English spelling has been influenced by lots of different languages, including French, German and Latin. Because English has borrowed words from other languages, lots of complex spelling patterns have developed.

There are many different reasons a word can be tricky to spell. For example:

  • Words can have silent letters, like the letter ‘b’ in the word ‘subtle’ and 'k' in 'knight'.
  • Some words might have double letters that you also cannot hear, for example, in the words ‘disappoint’ and ‘accommodation’.
  • Some words don’t follow a pattern or spelling rule, for example, the word ‘ancient’ does not follow the rule ‘i before e except after c’.
  • might lead you to use the wrong spelling in your writing - for example, confusing the words ‘your’ and ‘you’re’.

Tools to help you remember spellings could include , , words within words and sounding it out.

A video about tools for tricky spellings

Learn how to use tools and techniques to help you memorise tricky spellings

Mnemonic

A mnemonic is a tool that helps you to memorise something specific, like how to spell a word.

For example, the following is a mnemonic for the word ‘necessary’:

‘one collar and two sleeves’.

This mnemonic could help you remember that the word ‘necessary’ has one ‘c’ and two ‘s’s’, which are the tricky parts of this spelling.

Mnemonics can also be used to remember tricky homophone spellings. For example, ‘their’ is a possessive word - it has the word ‘heir’ in it - which is someone who may inherit lots of possessions.

Acrostic

You can also use an acrostic - a memorable phrase you create from the letters that make up a difficult word. Each word of the phrase begins with the letters of the word. So if you can remember the phrase then you can spell the word.

For example, for the word 'rhythm' take the letters 'R - H - Y - T - H - M' and make the phrase 'Rhythm Helps Your Two Hips Move'.

Rhythm
Helps
Your
Two
Hips
Move

Make your own acrostics

Have a go at creating your own acrostics for these tricky spellings:

  1. definitely
  2. embarrass
  3. sincerely

Words within words

It can also be useful to remember shorter words within the tricky spelling.

For example, the word ‘bra’ in library is a memorable way to remember the tricky part of this spelling.

It’s also useful to remember that the word ‘independent’ has the following smaller words inside it: ‘depend’, ‘dependent’, ‘dent’.

The word ‘conscience’ can be tricky to spell. However, if you remember to always include the word ‘science’, it becomes easier to remember the correct spelling.

Find the words within words

Which words can you find hidden within the tricky spellings?

  1. cupboard
  2. believe
  3. environment
  4. business
  5. shepherd
  1. cup - board
  2. be - lie - ve
  3. env - iron - ment
  4. bu - sin - ess
  5. shep - herd

There are even more than the answers shown, did you find any of the others?

Sounding it out

It can be helpful to sound out the tricky parts of a word, for example ‘Wed-nes-day’ or ‘Feb-ru-ary’. The word isn’t usually said like this, but giving emphasis to the sound can help it stick in your memory.

Sound out these words

Break these spellings into syllables and sound them out.

  1. mortgage
  2. colonel
  3. excited
  4. yoghurt
  1. mort - gage
  2. col - o - nel
  3. ex - ci - ted
  4. yog - hurt

The parts in bold contain the common mistakes that can be avoided by sounding the word out.

How to practise spelling

  • Put aside time to work on difficult spellings.
  • Everyone has some words that they find tricky to spell. Create a list of the words you personally find tricky.
  • Invent your own tricks for remembering these words.
  • Test yourself to check your progress.
  • Come back to the lists regularly to make sure you can still remember the correct spellings.

Test your knowledge