In the classroom

Do you know how to talk about things in your classroom in Irish? Learn some helpful words and phrases and test yourself on others you may already know!

Orduithe sa seomra ranga

Instructions in the classroom

Seas suas.

Suigh síos.

Tiontaigh thart.

Éist le ceol.

Amharc ar an chlár bhán.

Scríobh i do leabhar nótaí.

Oscail an fhuinneog.

Druid / Dún an doras.

Tóg do pheann.

Cuir an leabhar ar an tábla.

Bí ciúin.

Abair arís é?

Rith thart.

Ná rith sa halla.

Ná bí ag caint.

Ná druid do leabhar.

Ná tóg an fón póca.

Stand up.

Sit down.

Turn around.

Listen to music.

Look at the whiteboard.

Write in your notebook.

Open the window.

Shut the door.

Lift your pen.

Put the book on the table.

Be quiet.

Say it again? / Repeat it?

Run around.

Don't run in the hall.

Don't be talking.

Don't close your book.

Don't lift the mobile phone.

Did you notice that all of the orders use the infinitive or stem of the verb? This is known as the imperative mood. It is used in Irish to give instructions or orders to someone else.

To form the imperative, all you need is the stem of the verb.

léigh (verb read) - Léigh do leabhar! - Read your book!

ól (verb drink) - Ól an t-uisce! - Drink the water!

What if you wanted to tell someone not to do something? To form the negative in the imperative, all you do is add before the stem of the verb.

ith (verb eat) - ith do mhilseog! - Don't eat your dessert!

rith (verb run) - rith sa seomra ranga. - Don't run in the classroom.

Rudaí i mo sheomra ranga

Things in my classroom

peann

pen

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Prepositions

Irish, just like English, uses prepositions to show where things are placed.

A preposition is a word that describes where or how one thing is in relation to another. In English, the words on, at, in, beside and under are examples of prepositions.

You can use the prepositions on the right to help describe where things are in the classroom. You can also look at the examples below to show you how to use these prepositions in sentences in Irish.

IrishEnglish
ar anon the
ag anat the
sain the
in aice leis anbeside the
faoinunder the
idirbetween
os comhair anopposite the / in front of the

Tá an peann ar an deasc.

Tá an múinteoir os comhair an tábla.

Tá an rialóir sa leabhar.

Tá an bosca bruscair idir na fuinneoga.

The pen is on the desk.

The teacher is in front of the table.

The ruler is in the book.

The bin is between the windows.

What if you wanted to say something wasn't somewhere?

To put the sentences into the negative form, you change to níl.

Tá an peann luaidhe ar a liopa - The pencil is on his lip

Níl an peann ar an deasc.

Níl an múinteoir os comhair an tábla.

Níl an rialóir sa leabhar.

Níl an bosca bruscair idir na fuinneoga.

The pen is not on the desk.

The teacher is not in front of the table.

The ruler is not in the book.

The bin is not between the windows.

Learn more about prepositions in this guide.