The Battle of Dunbar, 1296
King John Balliol defied King Edward I of England by not helping him in his war against the French. The English king invaded Scotland to make King John pay for standing up to him.
What happened at the Battle of Dunbar?
The battle ended with one cavalry charge. The Scottish army was beaten and forced to run.
Most of them escaped but around 100 Scottish knights were captured and held prisoner in England.
One of these prisoners was Andrew Murray - who would later escape and beat Edward's army at the Battle of Stirling Bridge
What happened after the battle?
With no army to protect him, King John surrendered.
Edward ripped the royal insignia from his tunic. He removed the Stone of Destiny, the stone on which Scottish kings were crowned, from Scotland to stop the Scottish lords making another king. Balliol was made a prisoner in England.
Edward didn't have all his own way for too long, though. A man called William Wallace was planning to fight back...