Alexander III

The unexpected death of Alexander III left Scotland in crisis and led to the Wars of Independence.

Margaret, Maid of Norway

Margaret, Maid of Norway, became Queen of Scotland when she was only three-years-old.

John Balliol

John Balliol is remembered as the unlucky king who lost his throne to King Edward I of England.

William Wallace

William Wallace's important role during the Wars of Independence made him one of the most famous Scots in history.

Robert the Bruce

Robert the Bruce is remembered as a great warrior and the king who won Scotland its freedom during the Wars of Independence.

Edward I

Edward I is best remembered as the English king who triggered the Wars of Independence with his invasion of Scotland.

The Battle of Dunbar, 1296

The King of England invades and beats a Scottish army in battle at Dunbar.

The Battle of Stirling Bridge, 1297

At the Battle of Stirling Bridge William Wallace and Andrew Murray beat a huge English army.

The Battle of Falkirk, 1298

William Wallace suffers a terrible defeat at the Battle of Falkirk.

The Battle of Loudoun Hill, 1307

Robert the Bruce's wins an important victory against a larger English force at Loudoun Hill.

The Battle of Bannockburn, 1314

At Bannockburn King Robert the Bruce beats Edward II's English army in the final battle of the Wars of Independence.

6 Classroom videos

We have a selection of great videos for use in the classroom