Castles during World War Two

Did you know that some of Scotland's castles were used during the Second World War?

Find out how castles were used during World War Two.

Why were castles useful during World War Two?

  • Many Scottish castles were built up high or near water, which made them excellent lookouts for spotting enemies.
  • Castles were very large and made with strong materials, which made them a safe place for soldiers to train and to rest.
  • Some castles were in the countryside away from the busy cities. These were useful for homing evacuees escaping the bombs in towns and cities.
Crookston Castle

Crookston Castle

Crookston Castle in Glasgow was built in the 1400s . During World War 2, the north-eastern tower was used as an aircraft watch tower. The high tower gave guards a better view to look out for German bomber planes during the Clydeside blitz.

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Triservice staff at Castle Toward 1942

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This photograph shows members of the Army, Navy and Royal Air Force at Castle Toward in 1942. Thousands of troops came to Scotland to practise for landings in North Africa, Sicily and the Netherlands as well as the D-Day Normandy landings.

Beach landing at Castle Toward in 1943

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This photo shows RAF trainees practising a beach landing near Castle Toward in the summer of 1943. The castle was a base for large crafts that carried tanks and vehicles. Training with smaller boats was based near Inveraray.

What happened to the castles after World War Two?

After World War Two, many of these castles were returned to their owners. A few became hotels and some were left to become ruins.

Where next?

Why were castles important during war?
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How did people attack and defend castles?
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Scotland's Home Front
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