Key facts about Christianity

Christianity is the name of the religion, and its followers are known as Christians.

Christianity is focused on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, who Christians believe to be the Son of God. Jesus was born in Bethlehem over 2,000 years ago.

Today, there are over 2.2 billion Christians around the world, making Christianity the most followed religion.

Five key facts

Watch to find out how Jonnie lives his life according to Christian teachings, including how he worships and what he eats.

What do Christians believe and how do they worship?

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Religious symbol

The cross is the symbol of Christianity. Jesus Christ was executed by the Romans and died by being crucified on a wooden cross. Christians remember his death and resurrection by wearing crosses. Sometimes crosses will have a figure of Jesus on them. These are called crucifixes.

Denominations

Christians share many beliefs, but they don’t all agree on everything. This has resulted in the development of different groups within the religion called denominations. Examples of these include Anglican, Methodist, Baptist and Catholic.

Different Christian denominations worship in different ways. Anglicans, Catholics and Orthodox Christians have a set form of worship. It is a formal ritual based around the sacraments, particularly Holy Communion. This type of worship is called liturgical worship.

Other Christian churches, such as Baptists and Quakers, practice non-liturgical worship. This kind of worship has no set form and often does not involve Holy Communion. Non-liturgical worship is usually centered on Bible readings, a sermon, music and prayers.

As well as worshiping in different ways, Christian churches do not always look the same. For example, many Orthodox and Catholic Churches are more ornate and detailed, whereas Baptist or Methodist chapels are usually much simpler buildings.

The Archbishop of Canterbury with the Bishops of Gloucester and Crediton. The Church of England appointed its first female bishop in 2015. The Bishop of Gloucester, the Rt Rev Rachel Treweek, is the UK's most senior female bishop and sits in The House of Lords.

Inside a church

Click the picture below to explore the inside of a Christian church.

The Christian Trinity

Most Christians believe God is revealed in three forms. This is called the Trinity. The word ‘trinity’ comes from the word ‘tri’ meaning ‘three’ and ‘unity’ meaning ‘one’. There are three distinct persons to this one God, and these three persons form a unity. This belief is called the doctrine of the Trinity. Click on the picture below to see how the concept works.

Where next?

Key facts about Hinduism
Key facts about Judaism
Key facts about Islam