What is adaptation?


Living things are adapted to their habitats. This means that they have special features that help them to survive.

An African elephant, for example, lives in a hot habitat and has very large ears that it flaps to keep cool.

A polar bear, on the other hand, lives in a cold habitat and has thick fur to keep warm.

It’s not just animals that are adapted to their environment, plants are too. A cactus is well adapted for survival in the desert. They have long roots to collect water from a large area and a stem that can store water for a long period of time.

The animals and plants in one habitat are suited to live there and may not be able to survive in other habitats. When a habitat changes, the animals and plants that live there are affected.

The spines of a cactus are much better than flat leaves at preventing water being lost from the plant. The spines are also good protection from animals that might want to eat them.
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