Let's explore the Lake District
Where is the Lake District?
The Lake District is a national park and World Heritage Site in North West England. It is home to the highest mountain in England - Scafell Pike, and the deepest lake - Wastwater. It is popular with both day visitors and holidaymakers because of its beautiful mountains and lakes.
What is it like in the Lake District?
The landscapes of the Lake District have been created over millions and millions of years. Rocks such as sandstone, limestone and granite gradually formed in layers. Next, tectonic plates created volcanoes and also pushed the rock up to create high mountains.
Two million years ago, icy glaciers covered the mountains and as the glaciers slowly crept down the mountains, they picked up pieces of rock, which eroded the mountains and created valleys. When the ice melted, these valleys filled up with the melted water and created deep lakes. Small crevices made by the ice at the tops of mountains filled with water to create tarns.
The Lake District is home to lots of plants and animals and also people, who live in towns such as Keswick and Windermere. Tourism is an important industry here, with over 12 million visitors every year who come to walk, cycle, run, boat or just to look at the amazing scenery.