Let's explore the Galápagos Islands
Where are the Galápagos Islands?
The Galápagos Islands are an archipelago or group of islands that have been created by volcanoes. They are found in the Pacific Ocean, almost 1,000 km from the coast of Ecuador in South America. The islands are at either side of the Equator, which means they are in both the Southern and the Northern Hemisphere.
What are the Galápagos Islands like?
The Galápagos Islands are home to lots of different types of plants and animals. They contain some of the most unusual animals on the planet. For example, giant tortoises, marine iguanas and even the Galápagos penguin. On his visit to the islands in 1835, Charles Darwin noticed the slight differences between the same types of animal on each island. This helped him work out how they had adapted to their environment through a process called natural selection.
Today, tourists visit the islands to see the dramatic landscapes - volcanoes, beautiful coastlines and coral reefs - as well as the wildlife and plants.
People are only allowed to live in small areas of the island so that the wildlife and plants are protected. This is part of the conservation plan for the islands and the ocean around them. Other laws prevent things such as too much fishing, too many people living there or too many visitors. This will hopefully protect the variety of plants and animals and the beauty of the islands for the future.