# How can I work out the area of a shape?

## What is area?

Area means how much space a flat shape takes up.

Area is measured in **square units**:

- Square centimetres (cm²) are good for measuring a small area - like the picture or a model.
- Square metres (m²) are good for measuring bigger areas - like a wall or a playground.

## How do you work out the area of a shape?

You can work out the area of a shape by dividing it into squares and then **counting all the squares**.
This can get a bit slow for big shapes.

### Is there a quicker way?

For **squares** and **rectangles** it can be quicker to measure the **length**, measure the **breadth** and then **multiply** them.
So if a rectangle is **2 cm** long and **3 cm** wide, the area is:

**2 cm x 3 cm = 6 cm²**