Crime is a reality in every society. Many Jews believe that if a person breaks one of the Ten Commandments they should be punished by society, just as they will be punished by God.
Why is criminal behaviour the result of free choice?
Each person can choose whether to abide by the laws or not, no one can force them to break the law
Some people are born genetically inclined to break the law
People cannot do anything other than follow in the example of older members of their family
What is meant by absolute morality?
When a person has a set of principles and sticks to them rigidly
Being a good person
When a person is willing to adjust their principles depending on the circumstances
As an act of punishment, what is reformation?
Removing a criminal from society so that the innocent are protected
Punishing someone so harshly that they will not reoffend
Getting a criminal to turn away from crime through changing their attitude
As an act of punishment, what is retribution?
Punishing offenders in the same way that they have hurt other people
How does prison act as a protection for society?
It makes the criminal pay back money to the people that have been hurt
It removes the criminal from society so that others can be safer
Prison allows the criminal to work within society
What is a Bet Din?
Someone who visits prisoners
A death certificate
A Jewish court
What are the Ten Commandments?
Laws from God that show people how to live in the right way
Rules made up by a national government
A code of conduct that religious people wrote 500 years ago
What is capital punishment?
Locking a criminal in prison for life
The death penalty
Cutting off a criminal's hand
Which aim of punishment cannot be met by the death penalty?
Protection of society
What are the Jewish views on the use of the death penalty?
It should never be used
Many believe that it is acceptable but must always be used as a last resort
It can be used because Jews have no belief in the sanctity of life