# Calculating concentrations - Higher

## Concentration using mass

The concentration of a solution can be calculated using:

The is the substance that is . The volume is the volume of the solution or the .

Example

5.0 g of sodium hydroxide is dissolved in 250 cm3 of water. Calculate the concentration of the sodium hydroxide solution formed in g/dm3.

250 cm3 = 250 Ć· 1,000 = 0.250 dm3

= 20 g/dm3

## Concentration using volume

It is often more useful to know the concentration of a in mol/dm3 so that the of reactant in a given volume can be calculated.

The concentration of a solution can be calculated using:

The units for concentration are sometimes shown as mol dm-3 or M (for āmolarā), but this means the same as mol/dm3.

Example

0.50 mol of sodium hydroxide is dissolved in 2.0 dm3 of water. Calculate the concentration of the sodium hydroxide solution formed in mol/dm-3.

concentration = 0.25 mol/dm3

Question

100 cm3 of dilute hydrochloric acid contains 0.02 mol of dissolved hydrogen chloride. Calculate the concentration of the acid in mol/dm3.

volume of acid = 100 Ć· 1,000 = 0.1 dm3

concentration of acid = 0.02 Ć· 0.1

= 0.2 mol/dm3

Move on to Test