Knowing how to find the perimeter or area of a shape can be useful in everyday life - from wrapping a present to buying a carpet. Use it in calculations to find the amount of materials needed or cost.

The perimeter of a shape is the distance around the outside.

It is a length so is measured in mm, cm, m, km or any other unit of length.

- Question
Calculate the perimeter of this triangle:

Add up the lengths of all the sides:

9 mm + 6.5 mm + 7 mm = 22.5 mm

- Question
Calculate the perimeter of this rectangle:

- Fill in the lengths of the missing sides: 14 cm and 5 cm
- Add the lengths of all the sides: 14 cm + 5 cm + 14 cm + 5 cm = 38 cm

- Question
Calculate the perimeter of this L shape:

**1.**Calculate the lengths of the missing sides.The total height of the shape is 10 m, subtracting 6 m leaves us with the length of the missing edge of 4 m.

The total width is missing – this has been split up into 3 m and 6 m. By adding them together we find the missing edge is 9 m.

**2.**Add all the lengths together:3 m + 6 m + 6 m +

**4 m**+**9 m**+ 10 m = 38 m

- Question
Fencing is sold in 2 m panels for £30 each. How much would it cost to fence this field?

- Calculate the perimeter: 5 m + 14 m + 7 m + 20 m = 46 m
- Calculate how many units of fencing is needed: 46 m ÷ 2 m = 23
- Calculate how much 23 panels will cost: 23 × £30 = £690