Climate graphs

Climate graphs show average rainfall and temperatures typically experienced in a particular location. The temperature is shown on a line graph, and rainfall on a bar graph. They are usually represented on the same set of axes with the months of the year along the base.

Interpreting and describing climate graphs

  • Look at the overall shape of the graph. Is the temperature line steep or gentle? Does it change throughout the year and/or look almost flat?
  • Look for extremes - quote the highest and lowest temperature and rainfall and the month in which it occurs. Remember to quote units, eg Celsius or millimetres.
  • Can you identify the seasons when most rain or least rain falls? Or when the highest and lowest temperatures are experienced?
  • Work out the temperature range by subtracting the lowest figure from the highest figure.
  • Add the rainfall totals for each month together to work out the total annual rainfall.

Have a go at describing these climate graphs:

Bar graph showing monthly rainfall and temperature in SingaporeWorld Meteorological Organisation, 2013Bar graph showing monthly rainfall and temperature in the UKWorld Meteorological Organisation, 2013
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