Balance in art refers to how different elements are arranged in a composition.
Every element has a visual weight. How ‘heavy’ it looks depends on the following:
We tend to find balanced compositions more visually pleasing and comforting. Unbalanced compositions can make us feel uneasy.
Artists and designers often consider the placement of elements within a design or artwork to ensure it is well-balanced and aesthetically pleasing. One of the simplest ways to do this is by using symmetry.