Asexual reproduction

Only one parent is needed in asexual reproduction. There is no fusion of gametes so genetic material does not mix, which means that the offspring produced through this process are genetically identical clones to the parent.

Examples of organisms that use asexual reproduction include:

  • bacteria
  • production of spores by fungi
  • some plants, such as strawberries, use runners
  • formation of tubers in potatoes and bulbs in daffodils

Mitosis

This short video explains the process of mitosis in growth and asexual reproduction

Asexual reproduction uses the process of mitosis to create the identical copies (clones) of the parent cell.

Diagram explaining the process of mitosis

Mitosis is part of the cell cycle, which involves:

  • cell growth, and the increase of the number of structures in the cell (mitochondria, ribosomes)
  • genetic material is copied
  • mitosis occurs leading to chromosomes separation and cell division

Mitosis is also used for:

  • growth
  • repair to damaged tissue
  • replacement of worn-out cells