Fast growing populations

Developing countries like Malawi have different population structures as can be seen in the diagram below:

Population graph of Malawi

There is a relatively high number of people under the age of 20 and a low number of people over the age of 60.

This is because many babies are being born and few people live to old age. This means that:

  • there is more need for schools and school teachers
  • literacy rates are low due to inadequate educational provision
  • there is widespread poverty as the population outstrips resources
  • there is a lack of services, housing and jobs

The percentage of people aged 15-64 is dropping and the percentage of those aged 0-14 is increasing. This change has been rapid as the table shows. This means Malawi’s dependant population is growing as the working population declines.

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