Cells of animals, plants and fungi are called eukaryotic cells. They contain membrane bound organelles such as a nucleus and mitochondria.
Almost all animals and plants are made up of cells.
Animal cells have a basic structure. The structure of an animal cell is shown below:
|Cell structure||How it is related to its function|
|Cytoplasm||A jelly-like material that contains dissolved nutrients, salts and structures called organelles. It is where many of the chemical reactions happen.|
|Nucleus||Contains genetic material which the instructions that cells use to make proteins. Controls the cell's activities.|
|Cell membrane||Its structure is permeable to some substances but not to others. It therefore controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell.|
|Mitochondria||Organelles that contain the enzymes required for aerobic respiration and where most energy is released in respiration.|
Most cells are specialised and are adapted for their function. Animals and plants therefore consist of many different types of cells working together.