Introduction

In January 1933, Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany.

He led the right-wing Nationalist Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP or Nazi Party). It had received 33 per cent of the vote in the Reichstag elections in January.

This, plus the support of the President, Paul von Hindenburg, was sufficient to make him head of the government, i.e. Chancellor, but did not give him complete control of Germany.

During the next eighteen months, Hitler eliminated nearly all sources of opposition, both within the Nazi Party and in Germany.

By August 1934, he had declared himself Führer - the sole leader of Germany.