Measure the frequency, wavelength & speed of waves in a solid
There are many different ways that the speed of waves in a solid can be measured. One method involves the use of a vibration generator.
Aim of the experiment
To measure the frequency, wavelength and speed of waves in a string.
Attach a string or cord to a vibration generator and use a 200 gram (g) hanging mass and pulley to pull the string taut as shown in the diagram. Place a wooden bridge under the string near the pulley.
Switch on the vibration generator and adjust the wooden bridge until stationary waves can be clearly observed.
Count the number of loops. Divide the length of the oscillating part of the string by this number of loops to get the length of one loop. The length of each loop is half a wavelength, so double this to get the length of one wavelength.
The frequency is the frequency of the power supply.
Calculate the speed of the waves using: wave speed = frequency × wavelength.