Similar figures are identical in shape, but not necessarily in size. A missing length, area or volume on a reduction/enlargement figure can be calculated by first finding the scale factor.

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Similar figures are identical in shape, but not necessarily in size.

For example, two circles are always similar:

Two squares are always similar:

And two rectangles could be similar:

But often will not be:

Look at these similar figures:

B is an enlargement of A. The lengths have all doubled, but notice that the angles must stay the same.

Remember that for any pair of similar figures, corresponding sides are in the same ratio and corresponding angles are equal.