Throughout the Middle Ages, the Muslim world was more advanced than Christian Western Europe, which learned a huge amount from its neighbour.
What is the Umma?
The experts in Sharia law
The community of all Muslim believers
The religious and political leader of all Muslims
When did the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) die?
Who founded the Ottoman Turkish empire?
What is jihad?
A holy war
How long did the Ottoman Empire last?
Until the Black Death
Until after the First World War
How can the medieval Islamic world be described?
A single, settled empire
A unified group
A number of independent countries which often fought between themselves
Christians and Jews were...
persecuted in the Ottoman Empire
allowed to follow their own religion
experts in Sharia law
What was the name of the Mongol state in Russia?
Where was the first university in the world founded?
What design of castles did the Crusaders bring back to western Europe?
Motte and bailey