One important way to fight climate change is to use alternative sources of renewable energy which will not release harmful emissions.
Some of these cleaner sources of renewable energy include wind energy, solar energy, water or hydroelectrc power, biomass, and geothermal energy.
By reducing reliance on and usage of fossil fuels, and tapping on alternative and greener sources of energy, emissions of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide, will fall, helping to reduce global warming and fight climate change
After coal-burning power plants, cars are the second largest source of carbon dioxide. One of the best strategies to reduce climate change is to reduce the use of cars.
Public transport should be encouraged, along with car pooling. This has been very successful in the USA, with car poolers being able to use ‘fast lanes’ during peak hours. Single motorists are fined for using these lanes.
Cars should be eco-friendly and fuel efficient drivers should ensure that vehicle engines are in good condition at all times. A car in poor working condition uses more fuel for the same mileage covered, and releases more carbon dioxide and exhaust gases.
New cars have ‘stop start’ technology which means that engines stop whenever cars stop, for example at traffic lights. This reduces fuel consumption and pollution.
The culture of consumerism today encourages people to buy and throw away.
For each item purchased and used, energy and resources are used in its manufacture, packaging, transportation, retail, and ultimately its disposal. Pollution is created in each step of the process and substantial greenhouse gases are also released.
Reducing, reusing and recycling helps to conserve resources and energy, and reduce pollution and greenhouse gas emissions produced.
Organic farming does not use the chemical fertilisers used by conventional farming. These fertilisers release nitrous oxide and methane into the environment.
As the demand for organically grown produce increases, organic farming will become more economically viable and more popular. This will help reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.
Another way to reduce climate change is to buy local products instead of those produced overseas. Transporting exotic fruits and vegetables from one destination to another requires a lot of energy, usually from the burning of fossil fuels, which contributes to greenhouse gas emissions and global warming.
In attempts to keep the fruits and vegetables fresh, chemical pesticides and preservatives are used, which again contribute to toxins and greenhouse gases being released into the atmosphere.
Schools and institutions also have an important part to play in the process of educating people on the importance of protecting the Earth. This will encourage them to be more environmentally friendly in the future.