In London drivers are charged for driving in the congestion charge zone. The aim is to discourage drivers from using the zone during peak hours.
By using public transport instead, this reduces congestion, time spent in queues, the pollution generated and the cost to the economy.
The money generated is used to improve public transport, eg London buses have been renewed and the older vehicles which generate more pollution have been removed from service.
- traffic congestion, accidents, and pollution levels have all been reduced
- bus services are more reliable
- retail sales inside the congestion charging zone have increased
- there has been increased investment in public transport
There are limitations however, as many people still simply pay the congestion charge and keep on driving, which means more congestion.
With energy consumption rising, it is important that industry, transportation and consumers in their homes use energy more efficiently so that less is wasted. This will also save money on fuel bills.
People can be more energy efficient by:
- walking, cycling, or using public transport rather than fossil fuel powered cars
- reducing the number of aircraft journeys taken, especially short-haul flights
- using smaller more energy efficient cars or electrical cars
- switching off lights, power sockets, phone chargers and TVs when not in use
- recycling and reusing plastics and oil-based products
- using energy efficient light-bulbs and rechargeable batteries
- insulating house roofs, blocking draughts and using double glazing and more efficient heating systems
- considering introducing solar panels or switching to an electricity supplier that supplies green electricity