Industry

Bristol's sugar industry

Bristol quickly became the centre of a booming sugar import trade. Sugar was the most profitable of Bristol's industries. There were many signs of this wealth - at one time Bristol had 22 sugar houses.

Bristol was home to groups of successful sugar merchants as well and West Indian planters who returned 'home' to retire.

Bristol still contains important monuments to its links with sugar and the slave trade - Pero's Bridge was named after a slave brought to Bristol from St Kitts.

Guinea Street, Queen’s Square and the Merchants' Hall were all built with profits gained from the slave trade.

Glasgow's tobacco industry

During the 18th century Glasgow boomed due to profits from the slave trade.

A small group of Glaswegian ‘Tobacco Lords’ controlled the transatlantic tobacco trade. By 1760 Glasgow had overtaken London as the main importer of tobacco.

The merchants' enduring influence can be seen in some of the major roads and buildings in Glasgow. Many of the old streets of Glasgow - Buchanan, Glassford, Ingram and Dunlop are named after the Tobacco Lords.

The negative impact of the slave trade on the development of the Caribbean islands

The slave trade had long lasting negative effects on the islands of the Caribbean. The native peoples, the Arawaks, were wiped out by European diseases and became replaced with West Africans.

Another adverse affect of the slave trade was the damage to the Caribbean economies due to the concentration on sugar production.

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