Industrial development in sugar production

There was a need for industrial development in sugar production. Low level of technology meant many workers (in the form of enslaved people) were needed. The demand for sugar was also rising.

An early steam powered sugar mill being operated by slaves
New technology like steam-powered sugar mills were operated by enslaved people

Plantation owners

In the 1740s, Jamaica and Saint-Domingue (Haiti) increased production by using an irrigation system.

Plantation owners looked for ways to increase their production:

  • They built reservoirs, diversion dams, levees, aqueducts and canals.
  • They used more manure to fertilise their crops.
  • They developed more advanced mills.
  • They used better types of sugar cane.
  • In 1768, a steam engine was first used to power a sugar mill in Jamaica.