The nature of God

The Qur'an

For Muslims, the Qur'an is the most sacred text and contains ultimate guidance for all humankind. It is just as relevant today as it was when it was first revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by the angel Jibril. Muslims believe that the Angel Jibril revealed the word of Allah to the Prophet who passed it on to his followers.

The Qur'an contains guidance for Muslims on the nature of Allah, and how to live a good life that pleases Him:

He is Allah, the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; None is born of Him, nor is He born; And there is no one like him.Qur'an 112

Most Muslims will not touch the Qur'an without first performing wudu. When the Qur'an is not being used, it will usually be covered and put in a safe place, often on a high shelf.

The Qur'an is studied and often learnt by heart and recited, always in the Arabic language. Muslims who have memorised the whole Qur'an are known as Hafiz. If someone wishes to dispose of a copy of the Qur'an, it must be done in a respectful manner.

Key beliefs about God include:

  • Tawhid - the belief in the oneness and unity of Allah as expressed in the first of the five Pillars of Islam, the Shahadah. Belief in this oneness or unity of Allah is essential.
  • Monotheism - Muslims believe in one god, Allah - they are monotheists.
  • Akhirah – the belief in everlasting life after death.

Muslims believe that this life is merely preparation for the eternal life or Akhirah. Every act of good and bad that a Muslim does is recorded by Allah, so they must act in a way that benefits them in Akhirah.